Numeral Adjectives | Describing Words | Grade 3 | ORCHIDS
Job Alert : To view our Careers Page Click Here X
info@orchids.edu.in (+91) 8-888-888-999
ORCHIDS The International School

Describing Words

Adjective of Number for Class 3 English

Describing words of number is vital as it specifies the number of nouns used and indicates their position in a sentence. In this chapter, students will be made familiar with describing words of numbers and definition with simple examples.

Students can also learn the key ideas covered in this concept:

  • Types of adjectives of number, definition, subtypes with examples.
  • Adjective of number examples in sentences.
  • Common errors made while using them.

Each of the English grammar concepts has been covered extensively grade-wise using illustrations, diagrams, and examples. Class 3 students can estimate their understanding by trying to answer the free adjectives of number worksheets provided at the end of the page. Along with the exercises, the solutions are also easily accessible in PDF format.

Adjective of Number Definition

Describing words of number is used with a noun to describe its exact quantity or amount.

  • These words state the number of persons or things.
  • Describing words of number isalso called numeral adjectives or adjectives of number. Describing words of number answer the question ‘how many?’.

Types of Adjectives of Number

types of adjective chart

There are two types of adjectives for numbers. They are as follows:

  1. Definite numeral adjectives- indicate the exact number or position of the subject in the sentence.
  2. Indefinite numeral adjectives- These are describing words that refer to an unspecified amount of something that is countable. For instance, all, some, many, little, any, few, none, several, etc. These words can be used for adjectives of quantity when it is used to describe uncountable nouns. (i.e. time, milk, water).

Definite Numeral Adjectives

Definite adjectives are further divided into three types:

  1. Cardinals: Cardinals means number, and this number can show the number of people or things. These types of adjectives are words like one, two, nine, fifty-seven, etc.
  2. Examples:

    1. There are six students in the classroom.
    2. Definite Numeral Adjectives Examples
    3. They bought two ice creams.
    4. One year equals three hundredand sixty-five days.
    5. In a day, there are twenty-four hours.
  3. Ordinals:
  4. Ordinals show the order or series in which a thing or person(noun) stands. These adjectives include words like first, second, third, etc.

    Examples:

    1. Breakfast is the first meal, the second is the lunch, and dinner is the third meal of the day.
    2. Definite Numeral Adjectives Examples
    3. She got the third prize.
    4. Mr. Nair lives on the sixth floor.
    5. I am repeating this for the third time.
    6. This is my third job.
  5. Multiplicative Adjective
  6. It refers to how many folds or times the number has been repeated. For instance, double or twofold, triple or threefold, single, fourfold or quadruple, etc.

    Examples:

    1. She charged me double the fair as compared to others.
    2. Not a single person had the courage to speak up against him.
    3. The prices of essential goods have risen threefold in the past ten years.

Common Mistakes

  1. Do not forget to use a hyphen between two numeral adjectives.
  2. Example:

    tickWe plan to buy a fifty-two-inch television.

    crossWe plan to buy a 52 inch television.

  3. If a hyphen joins a definite Numeral Adjective and a Noun and forms a compound word, then the Noun is singular always. Remember: Numeral Adjective + Hyphen + Noun
  4. Examples:

    tickMy grandmother gave me a hundred-rupee note.

    crossMy grandmother gave me a hundred-rupees note.

    tickThe apartment has two bedrooms.

    In this sentence, the word two indicates the number of bedrooms the apartment has.

    crossI own a two-bedroom apartment.

    Here, the number two and the noun bedroom are combined to form an adjective, thereby giving more details about the noun apartment.

  5. A definite adjective of number cannot be used with uncountable nouns.
  6. Example:

    tickI need two sugar cubes in my tea.

    crossI need 2 sugars in my tea.

  7. Using hyphens when measurements are not adjectives.
  8. Example:

    tickRishu won the relay race by 15 yards.

    crossRishu won the relay race by 15-yards.

Exceptions

  1. Some nouns that are followed by definite numeral adjectives are plural always. For instance, dozen, pair, hundred, gross, million, etc.
  2. Example:

    tickTwo dozen bananas.

    Exception example for Definite Numeral Adjectives

    crossTwo dozens pencils.

  3. It is not required to use a hyphen when measurements are not adjectives.
  4. Examples:

    1. She reached by 2pm.
    2. He became sleepy after twelve.
Chart for Adjective of Number
  • -

    Admission Enquiry

    A Journey To A Better Future Begins With Us