The past tense shows an action or condition, or event that has happened in the past.
- I played basketball yesterday.
- I was sad.
- He won the gold medal.
How to Form a Sentence in the Past Tense?
Use the present tense for the verb by adding the suffix -ed to form the verb past tense.
- I walked to school today. (walk +ed)
- They stayed at the school due to the rains. (stay + ed)
Types of Past Tense
There are four types of past tense depending on whether the action has been completed or is in progress. The four types of past tenses are as follows:
Let’s look at their uses with examples.
|Types of Past Tense||Uses||Examples|
|i. Simple Past Tense||To show an activity that started and ended in the past.||
|ii.Past Continuous Tense||To refer to an activity that continued for a period of time in the past. It sets the scene for the next action.||
|iii. Past Perfect Tense||To show that an action was completed before starting another.||
|iv. Past Perfect Continuous Tense||To show an action that begins before a specific time in the past and continues until a time in the past.||
When to Use Past Tense?
The past tense can be used to describe:
- An event or condition, or action that occurred in the past.
- An action that has already been completed and no time is specified.
- An action that is done regularly.
- A feeling that was sensed in the past.
- Events that have happened in the past in a sequence.
Forms of Past Tense
Let us look at the structure of the past tense in the affirmative, negative and interrogative forms.
|Forms of Past Tense||When it is Used||Examples|
|Affirmative||To show something positive or true that happened in the past.||
|Negative||An action to deny something in the past.||
|Interrogative||To ask a question regarding a past action.||
- Using past continuous tense to describe past habits. Use the simple past tense instead of the past continuous tense.
- Using the past continuous tense to highlight completed events in the past at a specific time.
- Using present or the past perfect tense to describe a definite time in the past.
I walked to school daily when I was young.
I was walking to school daily.
I called his school at 1 o’clock yesterday afternoon.
I was calling his school at 1 o’clock yesterday afternoon.
I woke up at five o’clock this morning.
I have woken up at five o’clock today morning.