Personal Pronouns | Grade 3 English | Learning Concept | Orchids
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Pronouns

Concept: Personal Pronouns

Definition:

  • Pronouns are words that are used instead of nouns. Words like he, it, she, we, you are used so that the names of people or things are not used repeatedly.
  • They make the meaning of your sentences clearer.
  • Pronouns are used to add variety to a sentence.

Example:

Sanjay has always loved cars. Sanjay announced that Sanjay wants to study Automobile Engineering.

Explanation of Example

If you keep repeating “Sanjay” over and over again, it sounds repetitive.
You could try to bring variety to the narration by using pronouns.

Example:

Sanjay has always loved cars. He announced that he wants to study Automobile Engineering.

Subject and Object Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

  • Subject pronouns are the pronouns that performs an action in a sentence. They are used as the subject of a verb in a sentence.
  • Subject Pronouns
    I
    you
    he
    she
    we
    they
    it
  • The subject is the noun just before the verb. It is the person or thing or animal that performs the action.
  • Examples:

    1. My name is Rishi. I own a house and a car.
    2. She is the best cricket player in the team.
    3. He wakes up early daily.
    4. We visit the gold club every Sunday.
    5. They helped her to recover from the disease.
    6. You should consult a doctor immediately.
    7. It looks yummy.

Object Pronouns

  • An object pronoun is a word that is used instead of an object noun in a sentence. They are also called objective pronouns.
  • The object of a sentence is the person, or thing or animal that receives the action.
  • Examples:

    1. My brother is very friendly. Everyone likes him.
    2. They always respected her.
    3. She started loving them as her own.
    4. Nature teaches us to be humble.
    5. Did you do it?
    6. Pamela knows me.
    7. She helped you.
Object Pronouns
me
you
him
her
it
them
us

Types of Personal Pronouns

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Singular and Plural- Subject and Object

Let’s look at the comparison of the Singular and plural subjects and objects by looking at the table below:

Noun Type Subject Object
1st person singular I me
2nd person singular you you
3rd person singular he/she/it him/her/it

Noun Type Subject Object
1st person plural we us
2nd person plural you you
3rd person plural they them

Each pronoun should match the type of noun that it replaces.

  • When referring to people use the pronoun ‘who’.
  • When referring to things use ‘that’.
  • When referring to time use ‘when’.
  • When referring to places use ‘where’.

Common Mistakes:

  1. Using the wrong pronoun in sentences.
  2. If a singular noun is used, the pronoun that replaces the noun must be singular. If the noun is plural, the pronoun too must be plural.

    Examples:

    1. Since ‘book’ is singular (there is only one), use a singular pronoun ‘it’ as its replacement.
    2. Suman changed her book as it had few missing pages.

      Suman changed her book because her book had few missing pages.

      Instead of using ‘her book’ twice we can use a pronoun.

    3. Since ‘guests’ is plural, use a plural pronoun to replace it.

    When the guest arrives at the venue, they are greeted with a welcome drink.

    When the guests arrive at the venue, the guests are greeted with a welcome drink.

  3. Each and every
  4. ‘Each’ and ‘every’ are singular words. Always use a singular pronoun in sentences that contain ‘each’ and every’.

    Example:

    Each motorbike pollutes the environment.

    Every motorbike pollutes the environment.

    Each denotes two or more items, and every denotes three or more items.

  5. Do not confuse between 1st person, 2nd person and 3rd person singular and plural pronouns.
  6. Example:

    I know a man who stays in the forests of Madhya Pradesh.

    I know a man that stays in the forests of Madhya Pradesh.

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