Prediction - Orchids The International School
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Make Inferences

Concept: Prediction

What is ‘to make predictions’ in a reading comprehension?

  • Prediction is to figure out what will happen next.
  • Prediction is making use of clues from the text to guess what may happen next, how a character might react or what event could take place.
  • Prediction is a continuous process as the story or text develops.
  • Prediction helps to keep the reader’s mind activated and engaged.
  • Predicting while reading helps the reader to stay connected to the story, refine, reflect, and reread their predictions.

How to Make Predictions?

To predict from the text, you can do the following:

  • Make use of clues provided by the author.
  • Use what you know from knowledge or personal experience.
  • Characters of the story can be analyzed to make certain predictions.
  • Pictures used in the text reflect the story theme and type.
  • Usage of tense helps the reader to predict whether the story and its characters exists in the present or set in the past.

After combining the above you can make logical and relevant predictions.

Readers must make guesses before, throughout, and after reading the story or text.

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Example:

Dolly’s mother had given her some Maths exercises to solve before going out. Instead of engaging in those exercises Dolly started watching television. Dolly got worried as the doorbell rang. She realized it is her mom.

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Few predictions can be:

  • Dolly turned off the television and sat with her books.
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  • Dolly’s mother scolded her on wasting time watching TV.
  • Dolly told sorry and her mother gave some more time to complete the exercises.

Difference between Inference and Prediction

Usually students confuse between Inference and Prediction. Let us have a look at how both differ.

No. Inference Prediction
1 ‘Inference’ is a process of reaching a conclusion about something from evidence or known facts or some means of reasoning.  It is a guess about what might or will happen in the future without any evidence. <
2 Conclusion based on information  provided by the author and what we  know about the character.  Guessing about what will happen next or towards the end of a story, which can be proved once the story has ended. 

Example:

Inference

Based on what people are wearing we can infer it is hot outside.

An inference is made about something with certainty, based on facts or observations.

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Prediction

Prediction is a statement that will guess what might happen in the future.

Weather forecast. The weather predicted is based on scientific evidence, but it is just a probability.

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Common Mistakes

  1. While making predictions it is important to use clues to predict what will happen in the story. Thus you should read and observe carefully. A logical prediction is made when a reader observes what has happened in the text.
  2. The adverbs or adverb phrases used when making predictions are will definitely, will probably, might/may, probably won’t, definitely won’t.
  3. Do not confuse Prediction and Inference. Inference is a process of reaching a conclusion about something from known text clues or evidence.

Take a look at the mind map to understand Prediction better.

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