Transition Words - Orchids The International School
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Narrative Writing Skills

Concept: Transition Words

Definition:

Transition or linking words are used to indicate changes, connects ideas and varied text. It basically connects ideas or words and is followed by a comma.

Why use Transition Words?

Transition words are used to:

  • To show cause and effect relationships.
  • Indicate order and sequence.
  • Explain how and where an incident happened.
  • Helps to compare and contrast.

Types of Transition Words

There are six types of transition words. Let us have a look at them.

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Example:

  1. I pushed her by mistake; as a result, she fell down.
  2. What happened in the first part of the sentence caused something; The second part of the sentence will describe the effect.

  3. To summarize it, doing moderate exercise regularly helps to keep all of us healthy.

How to Use Transition Words?

Let us have a look with examples how transition words are used.

Without Transition Words With Use of Transition Words
In school, Neelam plays basketball. Neelam participates in musical competitions. She takes part in other extra-curricular activities too. In school, Neelam plays basketball. In addition, she participates in musical competitions and takes part in other extra-curricular activities too.
I brush my teeth. After that I go to bed. Before I go to bed, I brush my teeth.

Common Mistakes

  1. Confusion in the usage of ‘therefore’

    Ensure not to use therefore in a way that indicates illogical connections.

    Example:

    The students were asked to rate their satisfaction with the midday meal from 1 to 10. Therefore, the average satisfaction among students was 6.5.

    The use of ‘therefore’ is illogical in the above sentence.

    The employees were asked to rate their satisfaction with the company from 1 to 10. The average satisfaction among participants was 6.5.

  2. Starting a sentence with words: and, also, or so

    The words ‘also,’ ‘and,’ and ‘so’ are considered too informal if used at the beginning of a sentence.

    Example:

    Also, a second round of tests were taken.

    A second round of tests were also taken.

    OR

    Additionally, a second round of tests were taken

  3. Using too many transition words. Avoid using too many transition words with similar meanings in a sentence.

    Example:

    However, he seldom lost any game.

    However, he, nevertheless, seldom lost any game.

  4. The order not followed. Do not mix up Cause & Effect transition words (since, because, thus, due to, etc.), which indicate that one thing reasonably leads to another thing. Read the sentences cautiously to understand the correct order. Which action comes first?

    Example:

    Eating junk food is a result of obesity.

    Obesity is a result of eating junk food.

    OR

    Eating junk food results in obesity.

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