Concept: Words for Place and Time
- Prepositions like in, on, and at are used while speaking or writing about place and time.
- Words for place and time are used to denote a relationship between the two parts of speech in a sentence.
Prepositions of Place
Words for place show the relationship of a noun with another part of a sentence. Words like on, in, at are the prepositions that can be used for place.
- In: The word ‘in’ is used to denote something located inside a large area or a closed space.
- Priyanka was waiting in the reception area.
- Bengaluru is located in Karnataka.
- The best food can be found in the central part of Kolkata.
- On: The word ‘on’ denote the position of the person or an object over a surface of a thing.It usually indicates anything placed on top of something else.
- She stamped on my foot.
- The money was kept on the table.
- There are no paintings now on that wall.
- At: The word ‘at’ denotes a particular point.
- It is the most exact of the three prepositions to denote a specific place.
- The flower vase is kept at the corner of the room.
- I told her to wait at the bus stop.
- Check who is at the door.
Prepositions of Time
- Some preposition can give details of when the event takes place at the given time. Words of time like on, in and at show how they are related to each other in terms of time.
‘In’ Used to Show Time:
- The word ‘in’ is used to specify seasons, months, centuries, years, and the general time of a day.
- This word could also be used to indicate the duration of an event and not the exact time.
- Sheetal will talk to you in the evening.
- My brother was born in 2019.
- She is in the garden.
In the above example, there is no specific time given as to when Sheetal will call , she may call at any time during in the evening.
‘On’ Used to Show Time:
The word ‘on’ is used while mentioning certain days of the week or special days or exact dates.
- Let’s go out for a dinner on New Year’s eve.(specific day)
- Dad’s birthday is on the 1st of May.
‘At’ Used to Show Time:
The word ‘at’ is used to describe the exact time of any event. You can use ‘at’ when you specify the exact time.
- Meet me in the newly opened restaurant at 4pm.(specific time)
- The last train is at 9pm.
- When we speak about reaching a place like a country or a city, we should use ‘arrive at’ or ‘arrived at’ in place of ‘to’.
- For specific days and dates use the preposition ‘on’ along with the phrase ‘the (date) of Month’.
- However, if you want to highlight the month of your birthday use the preposition ‘in’ instead of ‘on’ or ‘at’.
- Use ‘in’ when you mean ‘to stay in a country or city’. However, use ‘to’ after the words ‘come’ or ‘go’.
As soon as we arrived at the airport, it started raining.
As soon as we arrived to the airport , it started raining.
Her school will reopen on the 10th of June.
It’s my birthday on January 2nd.
My birthday is in December.
My birthday is on December.
I’m going to Mumbai soon.
I live in Noida.
I’m in Delhi now.
When are you coming to Mumbai?
They went to Pune last week.
I’m going in Mumbai soon.
I live to Noida.
- Usually ‘at’ is used to show a specific time.
- Our dog stays out at night.
- The narrow lanes are well lit at night.
- Usually ‘on’ is used for days and dates. The exception here is for duration of the day like the morning, evening or afternoon the preposition ‘in’ is used.
- I am enthusiastic in the morning.
- I will see you in the evening.
- Usually, the word ‘in’ is used when describing a longer period of time like months, years centuries, or decades. An exception to this rule is with the word ‘weekend’. Although weekends are long periods of time, ‘on’ is written with ‘weekend’.
- She always cooks special dishes on weekends.
- We are closed on the weekend.
- Usually we use on for days and in when to indicate months. However, this rule is not applicable while using the words ‘last’ or ‘next’.
Exception is only for the word ‘night’, as only ‘at’ is used with it.
Let’s meet next Saturday.
I got a laptop last April.
Let’s meet on next Saturday.
I got a laptop in last April.
Check the mind map below to understand words of place and time better.