Things We Make, Play and Do
Concept: Clothes and Pottery
- Clothes are pieces of stitched or unstitched fabrics used by humans to cover their bodies.
- Clothes are made of different fabrics like cotton, wool, linen, silk, etc.
- These fabrics are made from fibres.
- Materials that are either weaved or knitted together to obtain fabrics are called fibres.
Fibres can be of the following types based on their sources—
Animal fibres: These fibres are obtained from animals.
Examples: Wool and silk.
- Wool is obtained from animals like sheep, alpaca, goats, yak, rabbits, etc.
- Silk is obtained from the silkworm.
- Animal fibres are obtained by the process of shearing. Animals are not harmed in this process as they are generally sheared in summers.
Plant fibers: These fibers are obtained from plants.
Examples: Jute, cotton, flax, etc.
- Jute is obtained from the jute plant.
- Cotton is obtained from the cotton plant.
Synthetic fibres: These fibres are man-made and made using chemicals.
Examples: Acrylic, nylon, polyester, etc.
- Animal fibres: These fibres are obtained from animals.
Seasons and clothes:
- Summers are characterised by high temperatures; hence, loose cotton clothes are the best for summers.
- They help in the absorption of sweat and keep the body cool.
- In desert areas like Rajasthan and Gujarat, people cover their heads with a turban to avoid the scorching heat.
- Similarly, people wear loose clothes in coastal areas to feel comfortable in the humidity and heat.
- Winters are characterised by extremely low temperatures; hence, woollen clothes are the best in this season.
- Woollen clothes trap the heat and keep our bodies warm.
- Dark coloured clothes are good heat absorbers and are worn more often in winters.
- People in mountainous regions wear woollen clothes throughout the year as the temperature stays low.
Stitched and unstitched clothes:
- Some clothes cannot be worn directly and are designed according to the measurement of the body.
Examples: Shirts, pants, frocks, skirts, and tuxedos are stitched clothes.
- Some clothes do not require stitching and can be worn directly.
Examples: Saree, dhoti, turban, shawl, etc.
Clothes as uniforms:
Some clothes are specifically worn by people of different professions.
- It is the art of making utensils, vessels and other products out of clay.
- It is our oldest handicraft and greatly improved after the invention of the potter’s wheel.
- The vessels made by potters are widely used as water storage containers called ghada or matka in local languages.
- The ceramic dinner sets and bowls are all decorative pieces made by the art of pottery.
- The skill of pottery is nowadays used for decorating walls and making tiles too.
Steps in pottery:
- Preparation of clay: Potters use clayey soil for pottery as it can retain moisture for a longer period. This soil is mixed well with the required amount of water in the first step.
- Shaping the vessel: The clay is shaped into the desired vessel by the potter using the potter’s wheel. The vessel can be of any shape and structure.
- Baking the vessel: The vessel is baked in a large handmade oven. It hardens the vessel and makes it dry.
- Colouring and painting the vessel: Finally, the vessel is painted and decorated with the desired colours.
Handicraft: The skillof making an article using hands which can be used for domestic or decorative purposes.
Profession: Occupation of an individual for which proper training is given.
Shearing: Removal of the external layer of hair from an animal's body.
Did You Know?
- Archaeologists have found well-preserved pieces of pottery from the excavations at Harappa, Mohenjo Daro (both now in Pakistan) and Sinauli (Madhya Pradesh, India) that can tell many things about ancient civilisations.
- Animal fur and skins were one of the most ancient clothing used by men. They are still used in Arctic regions today for their warmth. However, at present, fur is generally regarded as a luxury item.