Safety and First Aid - Orchids The International School
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ORCHIDS The International School

Hygiene and Safety

Concept: Safety and First Aid

What is safety?

  • Accidents can happen anywhere anytime and so we need to follow certain rules that would keep us safe.
  • Safety can be defined as a condition of being protected from any danger, accident or injury.
  • The safety rules are different for different places we go to in our daily lives.
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Safety at home:

  • Though our house is the most comfortable place, we are still prone to accidents and injuries if we are not careful.
  • The safety rules we must follow in our homes are mentioned below
    • Do not use sharp objects like nails, blades, nail cutters, knives etc. in the absence of an adult. They may lead to deep cuts.
    • Do not walk on wet floors. You may fall and injure or fracture yourself.
    • Do not touch electric sockets with wet hands. It may give you an electric shock.
    • One should wear slippers while working with any electrical appliance. Children should not use any electrical appliance when the elders are not around.
    • Never play with matchsticks and crackers in the absence of elders.
    • Stay out of the kitchen. Do not use the stove, oven, or OTG when the elders of the family are not around.
    • Keep all emergency contact details handy if required.
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Safety at schools:

  • After our home, we spend most of our day at school.
  • Let us see the safety rules at school—
    • Do not stand on a desk. You may fall and get injured.
    • Never indulge in a fight.
    • Walk carefully down the staircase. Slipping on the stairs may lead to serious injury.
    • Never run in the corridor. You may slip and hurt others while running
    • Stand in the queue while boarding or waiting for your school bus. Do not push others in the queue.
    • Do not throw chalk, pencils, erasers etc. They may hit others on their eyes or nose and cause injuries.
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Safety on roads:

  • We use the roads for going to different places.
  • Let us see the safety rules for roads—
    • Never walk alone on the streets.
    • Use a footpath while walking. Do not walk in the middle of the road.
    • Use a zebra crossing for crossing the road.
    • Follow the traffic lights and signals.
    • Wear the seat belt while travelling in a car. Do not put your head, hands or legs outside the window while travelling.
    • Do not play or run on the road.
    • Never touch an electric pole on the road.
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Traffic lights and signs:

Traffic signs are the signs which are placed on the sides of the road to provide information to people travelling on road. Some of the traffic signs are given below—

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Turn Left Turn Right School Ahead
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No Entry No Horn Cycling not allowed
  • Three different traffic lights are used to convey the appropriate signals for controlling traffic on roads.
  • The red light indicates stop, the green light indicates go and the yellow light indicates to be ready.
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Safety on playgrounds and parks:

  • We go to playgrounds and parks for playing and spending time with our friends and family.
  • Let us see the safety rules to be followed there—
    • Do not play roughly. You may hurt yourself or somebody else around you.
    • Be careful while playing on swings. Wait for your turn and do not push anyone.
    • Do not throw stones or any other hard objects here and there
    • Wear a helmet and knee caps when required like when you are skating or cycling
    • Do not talk to strangers or accept things or eatables from them.
    • Do not go near unidentified objects or luggage.
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First Aid:

  • The immediate help provided at the time of an injury or illness is called first aid
  • First aid stabilises a person in need before the proper medical facilities arrive and prevents the probability of further damage.
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Let us see some first aid instructions to be followed in different situations—

a) Burn:

  • Cool the burnt area using cold water and cover it loosely with a cotton cloth.
  • Apply Burnol if available.

b) Cuts and wounds

  • Clean the wound using soap and water or with an antiseptic like Dettol.
  • Cover the wound with a clean bandage.
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c) Nose bleed:

  • Make the person sit upright and ask them to lean forward.
  • Pinch the nose using your thumb and index finger and ask them to breathe with their mouth
  • They should not blow their nose for some time.
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d) Head injury:

  • Make the injured person lie down and apply an ice pack.

First Aid Box:

  • The first aid box comprises the things which can be used to provide immediate help in case of an injury.
  • It contains the following things—
    • Thermometer that is used to measure the temperature of an individual.
    • Clean cotton and bandage.
    • Antiseptic solution that is used to clean a wound.
    • Antiseptic ointment that can be applied to the wound, such as Soframycin.
    • Some basic medicines for fever, cold, vomiting and diarrhoea.
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New Words:

Antibiotic/Antiseptic: The medicines that prevent the growth of infection-causing germs.

Zebra crossing: An area of road painted with broad white stripes, where vehicles stop when the traffic light turns red.

Electrical appliance: A device that works on electricity.


Did You Know?

CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is a life-saving technique that can be used in case of heart attack and breathing problems. It consists of the following steps—

  • Make the person lie on his/ her back on a flat surface.
  • Check for their breath.
  • Make a fist with your palm and place it in the centre of the chest of the person.
  • Push hard and fast about at the rate of 2 pushes per second. Do it 30 times and try giving rescue breaths through the mouth twice
  • Repeat this cycle.
  • Remember the need for CPR denotes an utter medical emergency therefore before it is started one needs to call for medical help.
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