Seasons Winter and Spring Science Grade 3 | Orchids
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Weather and Seasons

Concept: Spring and Monsoon

  • Winters are followed by an enjoyable season called spring.
  • Summer is followed by the monsoon, also called the rainy season.

Spring:

  • The season of spring usually starts in February and lasts till April.
  • It is an intermediate season between winter and summer.
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Changes during the spring season:

  • The harsh cold climate of the winter season becomes pleasant in the spring.
  • During the progress of the spring season, days start getting longer than the nights.
  • The Earth receives a considerable amount of heat and light from the Sun.
  • The temperature during the spring season is suitable for new plants to grow.
  • The essence of the spring season is associated with the beginning of new plants after the period of dormancy in winter. One can witness a lot of fresh blooms in springs.

Example:

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Queen Flower Parrot tree Lebbeck Gulmohar
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Tulip Daffodil Lilies Crocus

Effects of spring on the animal world:

  • One can notice many butterflies, beetles and other insects in open areas during spring.
  • Animals come out of hibernation, such as wasps, bats, bears, hedgehogs, turtles and chipmunks.
  • Birds (Siberian crane, Flamingo) start migrating back to their original places from the nesting grounds.

Effects of spring on the animal world:

  • The celebration of Vasant Panchami marks the onset of spring.
  • Bamboo crop harvest in Mizoram is enjoyed by celebrating the Chapchar kut festival.
  • Holi, a festival of colours, is celebrated in the month of March.
  • Another festival celebrated in April is Gudi Padwa. It is also known as Ugadi in Karnataka, Telengana and Andhra Pradesh.
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Monsoon:

  • The monsoon lasts from June to September.
  • It is marked by a reversal of wind pattern. The wind starts moving towards land from the ocean instead of moving to the ocean from land.
  • Different regions across India experience monsoon at different times. It starts in the states of south India and then gradually moves towards north India.
  • It happens because rain clouds take a certain time to cover the entire landmass.

Changes during the monsoon season:

  • As the clouds start pouring, many seasonal rivers start flowing with water.
  • Earth is covered by lush green vegetation, and a remarkable rise in humidity can be observed in the air.
  • The water is restored in water bodies like ponds, lakes, etc.
  • Heavy rains sometimes lead to floods, which destroy life and property.
  • Initial rains of monsoons are followed by the onset of agricultural activities by farmers as the soil is drenched and the weather becomes favourable for sowing crops.
  • Sometimes rains occur before the onset of monsoon; these rains are called pre-monsoon showers.
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Effects of monsoon on the animal world:

  • Monsoon allows plenty of water to accumulate in the surroundings.
  • This water helps animals like frogs and fishes to reproduce.
  • Many animals that are not visible in the summer are seen during the rainy season.
  • Example: Snakes, Earthworms, Frogs, Snails, Centipedes, etc.

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Festivities during monsoon season:

  • Many festivals in India are connected with farming activities. The monsoon season is a celebration in the form of different festivals in different states.
  • In Odisha, devotees celebrate Rath Yatra.
  • To show respect towards the farmer’s friend—the snake, people celebrate Nag Panchami.
  • The traditional festival of Rakshabandhan also comes in the monsoon period.
  • Then arrives the festival of Lord Ganesha, i.e., Ganesh Chaturthi.
  • Towards the end of the farming activities, Onam is celebrated in Kerala.
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New Words:

Dormancy: The state of a lower rate of physical activities for a certain period.

Nesting ground: It is the place selected by a bird for building its nest and laying eggs.

Did You Know?

  • Aestivation: Like hibernation (winter sleep), the water-loving animals go for a summer sleep to prevent water loss. Molluscs, reptiles and amphibians show aestivation.
  • The word ‘monsoon’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘mausim’.
  • The blooming of the cherry blossom, Japan’s national flower, in March or April indicates the start of spring for the Japanese people.
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