Weather and Seasons
Concept: Spring and Monsoon
- Winters are followed by an enjoyable season called spring.
- Summer is followed by the monsoon, also called the rainy season.
- The season of spring usually starts in February and lasts till April.
- It is an intermediate season between winter and summer.
Changes during the spring season:
- The harsh cold climate of the winter season becomes pleasant in the spring.
- During the progress of the spring season, days start getting longer than the nights.
- The Earth receives a considerable amount of heat and light from the Sun.
- The temperature during the spring season is suitable for new plants to grow.
- The essence of the spring season is associated with the beginning of new plants after the period of dormancy in winter. One can witness a lot of fresh blooms in springs.
|Queen Flower||Parrot tree||Lebbeck||Gulmohar|
Effects of spring on the animal world:
- One can notice many butterflies, beetles and other insects in open areas during spring.
- Animals come out of hibernation, such as wasps, bats, bears, hedgehogs, turtles and chipmunks.
- Birds (Siberian crane, Flamingo) start migrating back to their original places from the nesting grounds.
Effects of spring on the animal world:
- The celebration of Vasant Panchami marks the onset of spring.
- Bamboo crop harvest in Mizoram is enjoyed by celebrating the Chapchar kut festival.
- Holi, a festival of colours, is celebrated in the month of March.
- Another festival celebrated in April is Gudi Padwa. It is also known as Ugadi in Karnataka, Telengana and Andhra Pradesh.
- The monsoon lasts from June to September.
- It is marked by a reversal of wind pattern. The wind starts moving towards land from the ocean instead of moving to the ocean from land.
- Different regions across India experience monsoon at different times. It starts in the states of south India and then gradually moves towards north India.
- It happens because rain clouds take a certain time to cover the entire landmass.
Changes during the monsoon season:
- As the clouds start pouring, many seasonal rivers start flowing with water.
- Earth is covered by lush green vegetation, and a remarkable rise in humidity can be observed in the air.
- The water is restored in water bodies like ponds, lakes, etc.
- Heavy rains sometimes lead to floods, which destroy life and property.
- Initial rains of monsoons are followed by the onset of agricultural activities by farmers as the soil is drenched and the weather becomes favourable for sowing crops.
- Sometimes rains occur before the onset of monsoon; these rains are called pre-monsoon showers.
Effects of monsoon on the animal world:
- Monsoon allows plenty of water to accumulate in the surroundings.
- This water helps animals like frogs and fishes to reproduce.
- Many animals that are not visible in the summer are seen during the rainy season.
Example: Snakes, Earthworms, Frogs, Snails, Centipedes, etc.
Festivities during monsoon season:
- Many festivals in India are connected with farming activities. The monsoon season is a celebration in the form of different festivals in different states.
- In Odisha, devotees celebrate Rath Yatra.
- To show respect towards the farmer’s friend—the snake, people celebrate Nag Panchami.
- The traditional festival of Rakshabandhan also comes in the monsoon period.
- Then arrives the festival of Lord Ganesha, i.e., Ganesh Chaturthi.
- Towards the end of the farming activities, Onam is celebrated in Kerala.
Dormancy: The state of a lower rate of physical activities for a certain period.
Nesting ground: It is the place selected by a bird for building its nest and laying eggs.
Did You Know?
- Aestivation: Like hibernation (winter sleep), the water-loving animals go for a summer sleep to prevent water loss. Molluscs, reptiles and amphibians show aestivation.
- The word ‘monsoon’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘mausim’.
- The blooming of the cherry blossom, Japan’s national flower, in March or April indicates the start of spring for the Japanese people.