Concept: Education for Special Children in India
Who are special children?
- Children who need proper care, support and attention from their elders, parents, and teachers due to their mental and physical disabilities are called special children.
- Often special children are called specially-abled children.
Types of specially-abled children:
a) Children suffering from blindness:
- Children who have blindness are either partially visually impaired or completely blind.
- Partially visually impaired kids can study at regular schools with average students but with special care.
- Completely blind students should go to blind schools where they learn with braille scripts.
- A partially visually impaired student may use equipment like glasses.
- Blind students use speciality sunglasses and walking sticks.
b) Children suffering from locomotory disabilities:
- Children with locomotory disabilities cannot walk properly.
- These children have bent and weak backbones that do not allow them to do simple activities like standing.
- Teaching these children at regular schools is challenging.
- They need the constant support of their caregivers.
- These children usually attend many therapy sessions to correct their postures.
c) Children suffering from learning disabilities:
- These children cannot read and write correctly.
- While writing, they often use mirror images of alphabets.
- They are unable to understand instructions.
- They cannot solve simple calculation problems.
- Teachers use different types of teaching aids to teach such kids.
d) Children who have mental illnesses:
- Children who have mental illnesses show abnormal behaviour.
- Sometimes they may get impulsive.
- Proper therapy with doctors is a must for such children.
e) Children suffering from blood disorders:
- Many children suffer from rare blood disorders like thalassemia.
- It is a deadly disease that needs a regular blood transfusion.
- These children can be included in normal schools with other average students.
- The inclusive schools should appoint a medical officer who can look after them.
- If any critical situation arises, they must be shifted to the nearby hospitals for treatment.
- RTE stands for Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act.
- It deals with the educational rights of children all over the country.
- The RTE act states that free education is a fundamental right of every child.
- It was incorporated under the Indian Constitution in 2009 and came into effect on 1st April 2010.
- According to this act, every child aged six to fourteen should receive free and quality education from government schools.
Did You Know?
- Many governmental and non-governmental organisations support and run schools for only special children, like schools for autistic children, children suffering from cerebral palsy, and blind schools for blind and visually impaired children.
- Special children can also be admitted to normal schools. All government schools in India hire teachers who can teach them.