Education for Special Children in India - Orchids The International School
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Special Children

Concept: Education for Special Children in India

Who are special children?

  • Children who need proper care, support and attention from their elders, parents, and teachers due to their mental and physical disabilities are called special children.
  • Often special children are called specially-abled children.
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Types of specially-abled children:

a) Children suffering from blindness:

  • Children who have blindness are either partially visually impaired or completely blind.
  • Partially visually impaired kids can study at regular schools with average students but with special care.
  • Completely blind students should go to blind schools where they learn with braille scripts.
  • A partially visually impaired student may use equipment like glasses.
  • Blind students use speciality sunglasses and walking sticks.
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b) Children suffering from locomotory disabilities:

  • Children with locomotory disabilities cannot walk properly.
  • These children have bent and weak backbones that do not allow them to do simple activities like standing.
  • Teaching these children at regular schools is challenging.
  • They need the constant support of their caregivers.
  • These children usually attend many therapy sessions to correct their postures.
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c) Children suffering from learning disabilities:

  • These children cannot read and write correctly.
  • While writing, they often use mirror images of alphabets.
  • They are unable to understand instructions.
  • They cannot solve simple calculation problems.
  • Teachers use different types of teaching aids to teach such kids.
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d) Children who have mental illnesses:

  • Children who have mental illnesses show abnormal behaviour.
  • Sometimes they may get impulsive.
  • Proper therapy with doctors is a must for such children.
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e) Children suffering from blood disorders:

  • Many children suffer from rare blood disorders like thalassemia.
  • It is a deadly disease that needs a regular blood transfusion.
  • These children can be included in normal schools with other average students.
  • The inclusive schools should appoint a medical officer who can look after them.
  • If any critical situation arises, they must be shifted to the nearby hospitals for treatment.
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RTE Act-2009:

  • RTE stands for Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act.
  • It deals with the educational rights of children all over the country.
  • The RTE act states that free education is a fundamental right of every child.
  • It was incorporated under the Indian Constitution in 2009 and came into effect on 1st April 2010.
  • According to this act, every child aged six to fourteen should receive free and quality education from government schools.
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New Words:

Impulsive: Doing something without thinking it through.

Microorganisms: These are tiny living creatures that cannot be seen without a microscope.

Lesions: A region in an organ or tissue damaged because of injury or disease.


Did You Know?

  • Many governmental and non-governmental organisations support and run schools for only special children, like schools for autistic children, children suffering from cerebral palsy, and blind schools for blind and visually impaired children.
  • Special children can also be admitted to normal schools. All government schools in India hire teachers who can teach them.
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