Equipment for Disabled Children EVS Grade 4 | Orchids
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Special Children

Concept: Equipment for Disabled Children

Who are disabled children?

  • Children who live with a disability are called disabled children.
  • They can study at both regular and special schools.
  • These children are often discriminated against at school, so a proper educational environment, support, and care are necessary.

Types of disabilities:


Why do disabled children use assistive or supportive equipment?

  • Assistive equipment helps children live independently.
  • These assistive aids give them proper support and enforce their participation in routine activities like other children.
  • Modern digital assistive technologies are constantly helping them become self-dependant and reducing the responsibilities of long-term caregivers.

1. Equipment for blind children:

a) Braille:

  • Braille was invented by a French educator named Louis Braille, who was a blind man.
  • He coded messages with dots with specific phonics and embossed those on cardboard.
  • The Braille system is accepted worldwide.
  • Blind and children with low vision can use this system.
  • A braille script is made with raised dots, and the dots are arranged in two columns and three rows.
  • Children can read braille scripts through touch sensation.

b) White Stick:

  • A white stick, also known as a mobility cane, is used for smooth mobility.
  • These sticks are white so that the blind person using them can be easily identified.
  • These are foldable sticks and easy to carry.
  • The primary function of these sticks is to scan obstacles on the road.

c) Speciality Sunglasses:

  • These are specially made sunglasses for the blind.
  • The eyesight of blind children is more sensitive than that of normal children.
  • Airborne dust particles and pollen grains may irritate their eyes. Speciality sunglasses act as a protective barrier for the eyes.
  • These glasses also protect the eyes from harsh sun rays.

d) Speciality watches:

  • Different types of speciality watches are available in the market.
  • Blind children can use braille watches to check the time through touch sensations.
  • Some watches come with glass lids so the time can be checked by touching minute and hour hands.
  • Talking watches are more expensive, but blind children also use those. There are electronic digital watches that give information about time and weather.

2. Equipment for lame and disabled children:

a) Wheelchairs:

  • Children who are unable to walk use wheelchairs to move from one place to another.
  • These chairs are made of four wheels and a seating surface.
  • Wheelchairs can be of two types—manually powered and electric powered.
  • These chairs have two large wheels at the back, which help to propel the equipment and maintain balance.
  • Two small wheels are present in the front. These wheels are called caster wheels that help to change directions.

b) Wheeled walker:

  • Wheeled walkers are used by kids who suffer from poor balance or have difficulty walking.
  • If a lame child has weak elbows, they cannot balance their body using a walking stick. So, a walker with armrests is used.
  • A simple low-level walker is helpful if the child can control his body correctly.
  • If the child cannot balance their body, walkers with underarm supports are used.

c) Underarm crutch:

  • Crutches are also called walking sticks or balancing canes.
  • Lame children with good balancing ability can use crutches for movement.
  • Children with weak elbow muscles use underarm crutches.
  • These crutches come with a balancing stick and soft padded underarm support.

d) Below elbow crutch:

  • Children with good balancing ability and strong elbow muscles are given this equipment.
  • These crutches also have gripping objects attached to them, which is why strong wrist muscles are also necessary for these aids.

e) Prosthetic limbs:

  • An artificial leg or hand is called a prosthetic limb.
  • It is used when a child has lost their limb due to an accident or disease.
  • The missing body part is replaced by an artificial limb.
  • These limbs are also used after surgical amputation.
  • Prosthetic limbs are made of light metals and attached to the body by suction.

f) Ramp:

  • A ramp is an inclined plane that facilitates the movements of wheelchairs.
  • Nowadays, ramps are installed in schools, offices, shopping malls, airports, etc.
  • A disabled child cannot climb staircases, but ramps can help him reach upstairs.
  • He can take help from others who can push his wheelchair from downstairs to upstairs.

3. Equipment for deaf children:

a) Hearing aid:

  • Children who have deafness and partial hearing loss use this equipment.
  • A hearing aid amplifies sounds so that the person using it can hear the noise loudly.
  • It is a detachable aid that is placed on ears when needed.

b) Cochlear implants:

  • Cochlear implants are used for people who have complete deafness.
  • It is an electronic device that is surgically implanted.
  • Children suffering from inner ear damage can use this equipment.

4. Equipment for dumb children:

a) Artificial tongue:

  • An artificial tongue is made with a rubber-like material.
  • Those who cannot speak properly due to improper tongue structure can use this equipment.
  • This tongue is surgically attached to the mouth.

b) Sign language training modules:

  • Sign language training programmes are very crucial for kids who cannot speak.
  • With the help of sign language, they can express their feelings.
  • These modules are readily available in markets that help them to learn different hand positions to express feelings.

New Words:

Airborne: Substances carried by air like dust particles, pollen grains, etc.

Amputation: The surgical procedure to cut off a limb is called amputation.

Did You Know?

  • Digital smart glasses allow visually impaired children to see and help in mobilisation without obstacles.
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  • Lame children use parallel bars to practice walking and for walk therapy.
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