Occupations in the Railways - Orchids The International School
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Journey on a Train

Concept: Occupations in the Railways

  • In India, we have an extensive network of railways that is managed by the government of India.
  • Different workers are needed to supervise separate sectors involved in the system for the smooth functioning of the railways.
  • Let us take a look at the various occupations that are related to the railways of India.
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1. Driver:

  • Drivers drive the train and transport passengers and goods safely from one place to another via specific routes.
  • While driving the train, they must obey all the railway traffic rules, transit regulations, and safety procedures.
  • While being on duty, they do follow a specific timetable.
  • Drivers operate both on national and local rail networks.
  • They also look after the conditions of rail engines before transporting passengers to ensure their safety.
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2. Railway guard:

  • Railway guards are appointed in passenger and goods trains as the in-charge of the running train.
  • Usually, a guard checks the status of all the machinery that ensures trains' safe running.
  • They need to work in coordination with the drivers.
  • In the case of a goods train, the guard ensures the proper closing of the doors of the wagons.
  • When a passenger or a goods train arrives at the destination after the expected time, the corresponding railway guard has to write a report explaining the cause of late arrival.
  • Guards have to constantly monitor if there is anything unusual happening in a running train.
  • The driver always stops or starts the train after receiving proper signals from the guard.
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3. Ticket seller:

  • Before getting on the train, the passengers need to buy tickets from the ticket sellers at the ticket counters.
  • Authorised tickets bought from the ticket sellers give information like train compartment number, berth number, arrival time, and departure time to the passengers.
  • Other than tickets, the passengers also can buy rail passes from the ticket sellers.
  • However, with new technologies, passengers now can book their tickets online and save time instead of standing at the ticket counter.
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4. Ticket checker:

  • Before boarding a train, passengers must show their tickets to the ticket checker.
  • The ticket checker also examines the tickets while on-board the train.
  • The ticket checker wears a black coat, black trousers, a white shirt, and a red tie. They carry a badge in their chest pocket.
  • Apart from the tickets, they also check the seat allotments.
  • They authorise seats to the passengers on the waiting list if any confirmed ticket gets cancelled.
  • They also check whether the lights and fans in the coach are working properly.
  • They prevent outsiders from entering the train compartments at night.
  • They charge fines if someone is travelling without a valid ticket.
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5. Pantry boy:

  • Pantry boys are appointed in express trains.
  • They conduct all kinds of services that are related to food and refreshments.
  • All express trains have a canteen where food is prepared for the passengers and the workers of that train.
  • Right after boarding, the passengers are served refreshments, snacks, and bottled water by the pantry boys.
  • They also serve lunch and dinner to the passengers.
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6. Station master:

  • The station master has the responsibility of running trains at a station.
  • They operate the signals and ensure that everything happens as per the rules.
  • The station master has to keep all the passenger facilities proper at the station and make sure that the passenger does not face any difficulty.
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7. Cleaning staff:

  • The cleaning staff cleans all the coaches before the train departs.
  • Their responsibility is to clean the floor and toilet whenever it is needed.
  • They also clean the glass windows of air-conditioned coaches.
  • After dinner, they spray air freshener and fly repellents in the compartments.
  • The cleaning staff wears blue uniforms when they are on duty.
  • It is their duty to fill water tanks in the coaches whenever needed.
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8. Coolie:

  • The coolies or porters in the Indian railway are not directly hired by the railway authorities.
  • They help the passengers carry their heavy luggage.
  • Porters usually wear red shirts and white pyjamas.
  • They get paid by the customers for their service.
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9. Railway police:

  • Railway police maintain law and order in the railway stations and the trains and provide security to the passengers.
  • They also investigate if any criminal offence occurs on the train.
  • They inspect every coach before a train departs.
  • Sniffer dogs are used to identify suspicious objects in the coach.
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New Words:

Wagon: The separate sections of a goods train are called wagons.

Fly repellents: Chemicals that are sprayed to kill flies.

Waiting list: This is the list of passengers with serial numbers according to their seat booking sequence.

Sniffer dogs: Dogs that are trained to find drugs or explosives by smelling, such as a bloodhound.


Did You Know?

  • The railway network of India is Asia’s largest railway network. The railroads in India were created by the British before independence to carry goods from one place to another.
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  • The person who looks after the signalling equipment of railways to ensure the safe and smooth running of trains is called the signal maintainer.
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