Journey on a Train
Concept: Occupations in the Railways
- In India, we have an extensive network of railways that is managed by the government of India.
- Different workers are needed to supervise separate sectors involved in the system for the smooth functioning of the railways.
- Let us take a look at the various occupations that are related to the railways of India.
- Drivers drive the train and transport passengers and goods safely from one place to another via specific routes.
- While driving the train, they must obey all the railway traffic rules, transit regulations, and safety procedures.
- While being on duty, they do follow a specific timetable.
- Drivers operate both on national and local rail networks.
- They also look after the conditions of rail engines before transporting passengers to ensure their safety.
2. Railway guard:
- Railway guards are appointed in passenger and goods trains as the in-charge of the running train.
- Usually, a guard checks the status of all the machinery that ensures trains' safe running.
- They need to work in coordination with the drivers.
- In the case of a goods train, the guard ensures the proper closing of the doors of the wagons.
- When a passenger or a goods train arrives at the destination after the expected time, the corresponding railway guard has to write a report explaining the cause of late arrival.
- Guards have to constantly monitor if there is anything unusual happening in a running train.
- The driver always stops or starts the train after receiving proper signals from the guard.
3. Ticket seller:
- Before getting on the train, the passengers need to buy tickets from the ticket sellers at the ticket counters.
- Authorised tickets bought from the ticket sellers give information like train compartment number, berth number, arrival time, and departure time to the passengers.
- Other than tickets, the passengers also can buy rail passes from the ticket sellers.
- However, with new technologies, passengers now can book their tickets online and save time instead of standing at the ticket counter.
4. Ticket checker:
- Before boarding a train, passengers must show their tickets to the ticket checker.
- The ticket checker also examines the tickets while on-board the train.
- The ticket checker wears a black coat, black trousers, a white shirt, and a red tie. They carry a badge in their chest pocket.
- Apart from the tickets, they also check the seat allotments.
- They authorise seats to the passengers on the waiting list if any confirmed ticket gets cancelled.
- They also check whether the lights and fans in the coach are working properly.
- They prevent outsiders from entering the train compartments at night.
- They charge fines if someone is travelling without a valid ticket.
5. Pantry boy:
- Pantry boys are appointed in express trains.
- They conduct all kinds of services that are related to food and refreshments.
- All express trains have a canteen where food is prepared for the passengers and the workers of that train.
- Right after boarding, the passengers are served refreshments, snacks, and bottled water by the pantry boys.
- They also serve lunch and dinner to the passengers.
6. Station master:
- The station master has the responsibility of running trains at a station.
- They operate the signals and ensure that everything happens as per the rules.
- The station master has to keep all the passenger facilities proper at the station and make sure that the passenger does not face any difficulty.
7. Cleaning staff:
- The cleaning staff cleans all the coaches before the train departs.
- Their responsibility is to clean the floor and toilet whenever it is needed.
- They also clean the glass windows of air-conditioned coaches.
- After dinner, they spray air freshener and fly repellents in the compartments.
- The cleaning staff wears blue uniforms when they are on duty.
- It is their duty to fill water tanks in the coaches whenever needed.
- The coolies or porters in the Indian railway are not directly hired by the railway authorities.
- They help the passengers carry their heavy luggage.
- Porters usually wear red shirts and white pyjamas.
- They get paid by the customers for their service.
9. Railway police:
- Railway police maintain law and order in the railway stations and the trains and provide security to the passengers.
- They also investigate if any criminal offence occurs on the train.
- They inspect every coach before a train departs.
- Sniffer dogs are used to identify suspicious objects in the coach.
Wagon: The separate sections of a goods train are called wagons.
Fly repellents: Chemicals that are sprayed to kill flies.
Waiting list: This is the list of passengers with serial numbers according to their seat booking sequence.
Sniffer dogs: Dogs that are trained to find drugs or explosives by smelling, such as a bloodhound.
Did You Know?
- The railway network of India is Asia’s largest railway network. The railroads in India were created by the British before independence to carry goods from one place to another.
- The person who looks after the signalling equipment of railways to ensure the safe and smooth running of trains is called the signal maintainer.