Apply words like 'and', 'but', 'or', & 'because' - Orchids The International School
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Conjunctions

Apply words like 'and', 'but', 'or', & 'because'

What are Conjunctions?

  • Conjunctions joins the sentences or phrases together.
  • Words like ‘and’ ‘but’ ‘or’ ‘because’ are conjunctions.
  • Without conjunctions, sentences would be very simple. Any sentence without conjunction would be broken short sentences without incomplete meaning in the sentence.

Examples:

Boy

Basic Uses of a Conjunction

Conjunctions are divided into types based on their uses. The types are coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Each type of conjunction is consisting of specific words which are used in a specific situation. Let us take a look at each type of conjunction.

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions:

    • The word ‘co-ordinate’ means ‘similar words’.
    • This type of conjunction is used to join two complete sentences.
    • It is also used to join the same parts of speech in the same sentence.
    • Coordinating conjunction joins two or more words or phrases that create a series that requires a comma.
    • The most common conjunctions are : for, and , nor, but, or, yet, so You can remember spelling like this.
    Boy

    Examples:

    1. Conjunctions used with parts of speech

      Rohan and Rahul enjoy swimming and dancing on most weekends.
      In the example Rohan and Rahul are nouns which are joined by a conjunctions and the verbs ‘swimming’ & ‘dancing’ are connected with a conjunction.

    2. Conjunctions used with two sentences

      Mohit plays baseball and his sister plays basketball.
      The two sentences in the above example are connected with a coordinating conjunction.

    Conjunctions and its Meaning

    Coordinating Conjunctions
    Word  Meaning Example
    For  To give reasons I purchased new books because I love reading.
    And In order to add information She baked cake and cookies. 
    Nor To add negative information He didn’t join us nor did he inform us.
    But To show contrast The shop is open but there are no chocolates 
    Or To give another choice You can enjoy with us or stay home.
    Yet To show contrast I was enjoying in party yet I wanted to go back.
    So To give result He missed his bus so he was late today.
  2. Subordinating conjunctions

    • These are used to join a subordinated dependent clause to the main clause.
    • Common subordinating conjunctions are although, because, if, since, until while

      Example:

      Boy
    • Ram went swimming is the main clause While another part of the sentence is a subordinate clause

    Meaning:

    Subordinating Conjunctions
    Word Meaning Example
    Although  In spite of the fact He came to school, although he felt ill.
    After  Later than that time We can play after studies.
    Before  Earlier than time  I had breakfast before leaving.
    If  In the event that If it rains we have to cancel the program.
    Unless  Except on the condition  You will not pass unless you study hard.
    Until  Up to the time Don’t touch anything until I come back.

Common Mistakes

Make sure the sentences or phrases are joined with the correct conjunction to make a meaningful sentence.

Examples:

  1. Wilson like fries or burger.
    Wilson like fries and burger.
  2. She was absent yesterday she was ill.
    She was absent yesterday because she was ill.
Boy
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