Compare and Contrast Information in the Text - Orchids The International School
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Compare and Contrast

Concept: Compare and Contrast Information in the Text

In reading comprehension, descriptive passages give information about a topic. This topic could be information about a person, a story, different animals, etc.

What is Compare and Contrast in a Reading Comprehension?

  • We use the technique of comparing the information of two things given in the passage to get a better understanding of the passage.
  • To compare is to identify similarities between two or more things or stories or people etc.
  • To contrast means to identify differences.

Why Compare and Contrast Information in the Text?

  • Authors often compare and contrast ideas and characters within texts. It’s necessary to identify them and understand what the writer wants to convey.
  • Comparing and contrasting characters, texts, themes, and other literary elements will help in promoting critical thinking and the key to reading comprehension.
  • Compare and Contrast helps us to organize information more efficiently.

How to Compare and Contrast within a Text?

  1. Identifying signal words which makes it easier to identify certain aspects of the character mentioned in the passage. These words are used to highlight similarities between two things or people, etc.
    Signal Words that Indicate Comparison
    Also Comparatively
    Too As well as
    Similar In addition
    Both Like
    Alike The same as
    Similarly In the same way
    Most Important Just as
  2. Identifying signal words makes it easier to identify certain aspects of the characters. These words are used to highlight differences between two things or situations or people etc.
    Signal Words that Indicate Contrast
    However Although
    But Besides
    Differ Conversely
    Whereas Even though
    Different Furthermore
    On the other hand In contrast to
    Although Instead
    More than  Nevertheless
    Notwithstanding Otherwise
    Despite Less than 
    Rather than  Regardless
    Unlike While
    Though Unless

Examples:

Read the passage below to compare and contrast information.

Check the similarities and differences between two things by

Boy

Mohit has two best friends; one is Danny, and the other is Ashley. Danny and his parents stay with his grandparents, whereas Ashley stays with his mother. Whenever Mohit visits Danny’s house, he notices Danny’s room is always dirty. However, Ashley’s room is always clean. When Mohit plays baseball with his friends, Danny can always shoot balls in the loop better because he is taller than Ashley and Mohit. Mohit’s friends are different in many ways, but they have many similarities. Both of them love sweets, and they are equally smart since they score full marks in Maths. Mohit enjoys playing with both of his friends.

Did You Know?

Boy

Common Mistakes

  1. The phrase ‘on the contrary’ is often wrongly used. The phrase ‘on the contrary’ is used after a negative statement to indicate that its total opposite is meant.

    Examples:

    It didn’t look awkward. On the contrary, it looked very beautiful.

  2. The signal words ‘Like’ and ‘Unlike’ introduces a similar or different idea that the reader is already expected to know and thus does not form the main point of their sentence. The error occurs when similar ideas are unfamiliar to the reader.

    ‘Like’ and ‘unlike’ should ideally be used when the known information is in the form of a noun.

    Examples:

    Diesel vehicles pollute, like petrol vehicles.

The reader is expected to know that petrol vehicles cause air pollution since they pollute the air.

Boy
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