Degree of Comparison English Grade 2 | Learning Concepts Orchids
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Adjective

Degrees of Comparison for Class 4 English

Degrees of Comparison are used to compare the similar qualities common more than two nouns. It shows the nouns being compared that have the highest or least degree of the stated quality. In this chapter, know the degrees of comparison definition and exceptions to follow while using it.
From this learning concept, students will study:

  • Positive comparative superlative degree.
  • Degrees of comparison rules
  • List of positive, comparative, and superlative adjectives.
  • Types of degrees of comparison with examples.

All the learning concepts covered in Class 4 have in-depth information, mind maps, illustrations, and examples. Students can solve the two PDF worksheets appended at the end of the chapter. The degrees of comparison exercises with answers pdf are also available in PDF format.

What are the Degrees of Comparison?

  • Adjectives used to describe, qualify or modify a noun in comparison with another noun are called as degree of comparison.
  • Degree of comparison is used when we compare one thing or person with another.
  • There are three degrees of comparison.
    1. Positive degree
    2. Comparative degree
    3. Superlative degree

Examples with Explanation:

a) Rahul is a tall boy.
b) Harish is taller than Rahul
c) Arun is the tallest among them.

Examples of Degrees of Comparison
  • The word ‘tall’ is an adjective to a positive degree. This adjective is in the simplistic form of the adjective in the first sentence it just represents ‘what is Rahul’s height?’. There is no comparison with another person or thing.
  • The word ‘taller’ is in the comparative degree. It represents a comparison made between two things or people.
  • The word ‘tallest’ is in the superlative degree. The adjective is in the highest form. It represents the highest form of quality.

Rules for Forming of Comparative and Superlative Degrees:

1. The adjective forms in the comparative have the ending–‘er’ to the word.

For a positive degree, the word is created by adding ‘est’.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Tall Taller Tallest
Kind Kinder Kindest
Sweet Taller Tallest
Bold Bolder Boldest
Cold Colder Coldest
Fast Faster Fastest
Great Greater Greatest
Young Younger Youngest
Small Smaller Smallest
Strong Stronger Strongest
Example of forming Comparative and Superlative Degrees

2. If the positive degree of adjective ends with the letter ‘e’, then the letter ‘r’ is added to form the comparative degree and ‘st’ is added to form the superlative degree.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
White Whiter Whitest
Large Larger Largest
Fine Finer Finest
Noble Nobler Noblest
Simple Simpler Simpliest
Brave Braver Bravest

3. The letter ‘i’ is added before ‘er’ and ‘est’ for a comparative and superlative degree.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Lazy Lazier Laziest
Costly Costlier Costliest
Dry Drier Driest
Mercy Mercier Merciest
Happy Happier Happiest
Heavy Heavier Heaviest
Wealthy Wealthierr Wealthiest

4. Spelling comparative: if the positive degree has only one syllable and ends with one consonant, and the consonant is followed by a vowel, this consonant is doubled before adding ‘est’.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Hot Hotter Hottest
Sad Sadder Saddest
Dim Dimmer Dimmest
Thin Thinner Thinnest
Fat Fatter Fattest

5. Sometimes adjectives cannot be made into comparative form by changing spelling, so a word is added before the adjective. For adjectives of two syllables or more than two-syllable, add ‘more’ before it to form the comparative and ‘most’ to form the superlative degree of comparison.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Beautiful Beautiful Beautiful
Faithful Faithful Faithful
Attractive Attractive Attractive
Careful Careful Careful
Famous Famous Famous
Difficult Difficult Difficult

6. With the change in degree, some adjectives observe the change of word; instead of spelling change, the new words are used.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Good/Well Better Best
Much Faithful Faithful
Bad Worse Worst
Far Farther/td> Farthest
Many More Most

Exceptions:

Spelling changes to a superlative degree: when the letter ‘y’ is followed by a vowel, then the letter ‘y’ does not change to ‘i’ but stays the same.

Examples:

Positive Comparative Superlative
Grey Greyer Greyest
Gay Gayer Gayest
Exceptions for degrees of comparison
Mind map for Degrees of Comparison
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