Introduction to Adverbs | English Grammar | Grade 4 | ORCHIDS
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Adverb

Introduction to Adverbs

Definition

  • An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
  • It gives more information about the verb in the sentence.
  • All words are made from at least one syllable.
  • Adverbs could give more detail about time, manner, frequency and more such information.

Examples:

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Identify Adverbs

  1. The unique feature of adverbs is that most adverbs end with ‘ly’. It can be easily identified in a sentence.
  2. It is always placed near the verbs. Sometimes, adverbs are placed after the verb or at the end of the sentence. They could also show up before the verb in the sentence.

Examples:

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  1. Adverbs placed at the end of the sentence
    1. Adverbs showing more information on time are usually placed at the end of the sentence.
    2. Some adverbs found at the end of the sentence can also tell about the frequency of the verb taking place.

    Examples:

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  2. Adverbs used along with verbs
    • Some adverbs that show more information about the place where the action happens are usually placed before or after the verb.
    • Few adverbs that give information about how something takes place are also placed before or after the verb.
    1. The warriors fought bravely in the battle.
    2. At the beach, Sonali walked beside her sister.

Category of Adverbs

Adverbs are further divided into various types based on the type of information. Each type of adverb can show specific information about the verb, so it is important to know about the type of adverbs.

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  1. Adverb of Place
  2. An adverb of place explains where the action has taken place. It answers the question where the action is performed. For example, across, through, under, sideways, upstairs, etc.

  3. Adverb of Time
  4. When an adverb tells us when the action has been taken. It answers the question when is the action performed. For example, early, tomorrow, yesterday, etc.

  5. Adverb of Manner
  6. An adverb which expresses the way of action is called an adverb of manner. It answers the question of how the action is performed. For example, loudly, slowly, nicely, etc.

  7. Adverb of Frequency
  8. When an adverb shows how often action has occurred is called an adverb of frequency. For instance, usually, never, always, daily, weekly, occasionally, sometimes, etc.

  9. Adverb of Degree
  10. An adverb that expresses the level of activity in the sentence is called the adverb of degree. It answers the question of how much is the action performed. For example, barely, deeply, fairly, greatly, hardly, etc.

Common Error

Do not use ‘ly’ suffix for any adverb. Not all adverbs have ‘ly’ suffixes.

Example:

  1. We have all worked hard on the project.
  2. We all have worked hardly on the projects.
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