Antonyms and Synonyms
Make Antonyms for Class 4 English
This concept will teach to make antonyms for class 4 students whose meanings are the opposite of another word. They will learn to make antonyms by adding certain prefixes. They will also encounter common mistakes that need to be avoided while using antonyms.
In this learning concept, the students will learn the following:
- To find antonyms and synonyms
- To construct sentences with antonyms
Each concept has been thoroughly explained in an easy-to-understand for class 4 English students using diagrams, examples, and concept maps. You can evaluate your learning by answering the two printable worksheets at the page’s end.
Download the free printable antonyms worksheet and check the solutions for the concept that are provided in PDF format.
- An antonym is a word whose meaning is the opposite of another word
- Antonyms are mostly adjectives but they can also be adverbs
How to Make Antonyms?
Many antonyms are formed by adding prefix. The prefix ‘un’ is added to the
main or root word.
The prefix ‘un’ is added to the root word.
The prefixes dis-, in-, ir- and im- and il- are also used instead of ‘un’
with some words to create antonyms.
Like Dislike Visible Invisible Regular Irregular Possible Impossible
- ‘Mis’ usually has the meaning of doing something wrongly, such as misinforming someone about something. However, most of the prefixes mean ‘not’, so it is just a case of learning which ones should be added to particular words.
Antonyms are also made by adding a suffix to the main word. The adjectives
that end with the suffix ‘ful’ usually take the suffix ‘less’ while
written as an antonym.
Antonyms After Adding Suffixes
Useful Useless Hopeful Hopeless Painful Painless Harmful Harmless
How to find Antonyms?
- Analyse the main word, and the word changed: Sometimes, while making antonyms, the root word remains the same, and there is an addition of a prefix added to the root word.
- MeaningIt is important to know the meaning of the word as it will help you to give the right antonym. Without knowing the meaning, it will be difficult to find the right antonym.
A list of important antonyms is given below:
Antonym Clue in a Passage:
In a story, you may find an antonym clue used to help you learn new words and understand their meaning.
- Sonal was cheerful when she had to plan for the picnic, but when the day came to an end, she was dismal about going back to a normal day
- My friends can be as different as day and night. One can be an introvert, and the other is an extrovert.
Remember, one word can have multiple antonyms. Thus, don’t assume that one word will have just one antonym.