Homophones & Homonyms
Concept: Make Homophones and Homonyms
What are Homophones?
‘Homo’ means ‘same’ and ‘phones’ means ‘sound’ hence, Homophones are pairs of words that sound the same but have different spelling and meaning. Understanding homophones is an essential part of learning the English and building vocabulary.
Homophones Used in Sentences:
Look at the words used in the sentences given below:
- Can see the sea very clearly with my binoculars.
- Betty bought some bitter butter.
- Get some chicken from the kitchen.
What are Homonyms?
- The word ‘homo’ meaning ‘the same’ and ‘nyms’ means ‘name’.
- Homonyms are words that sound alike but have different meaning. They sound same and spelt the same.
|1. Bat: flying bird / a playing instrument to hit a ball.|
|2. Knead: to press the dough to make bread.
3. Need: a want to have something
|4. Ring: a circular object /circular band on the finger..|
Given below is the list of homophones and homonyms.
|a||Accept-take in Except-other than||Rose –flower Rose- to rise|
|b||Band-a ring Band-a group of musicians||Tie –to tie something Tie- a thin piece of cloth worn around the neck|
|c||Cent -a penny (U.S currency), coin Scent -odour||Nail-hard layer which covers the finger Nail- a small thin metal|
|d||Desert-to abandon Desert-dry land||Prey –an animal or bird that is hunted or killed Pray –to speak to god|
|e||Eye- organ to see I -self, first personal pronoun||Cell –The smallest living part Sell –to give something in return of money|
|f||Fair- equal Fare- price||Need –want Knead-press or squeeze mixture|
|g||Greece- country Grease-fat||Can- ability Can –a metal or plastic container|
|h||Hair-strands growing on the head Hare-rabbit like animal||Soul –The spiritual part of the person Sole –only|
|i||I -first pronoun Eye –organ used for seeing||Lie- To refuse the truth Lye- a strong solution|
|k||New –not old Knew -did know||Ruler- a scale to measure Ruler –who rules the country|
|l||Lessen -to less Lesson -class lesson||Sink – a large open container used in kitchen to was Sink –to move downwards|
|m||Made –did make Maid-servant||Watch –object which tells time Watch-to observe someone|
|n||Night – part of day when its dark Knight -soldiers of a kingdom||Ship-to send or carry something from one place to another Ship-a large boat|
|o||One –the number Won-first in game or competition||Right –correct Right –direction|
|p||Principal- head of school Principle- most important rules||Fly-to travel or carry something in aircraft Fly-an insect|
|r||Read- to say written words Reed- a plant which grows near lake||Die – to stop living Dye –to colour|
|s||Sun – a star which give heat and light to earth Son -a male child||Palm-inner surface of your hand Palm-tree|
|t||Then-later Than-used while comparing things||Park –an open area with trees Park –to leave a vehicle at a place for sometime|
|v||Vary –to be different from each-other Very -extreme||Wave –a line of water moving across the sea Wave –to move out your hand side to side in air|
|w||Wear- to have clothes or jewellery on body Where -what place or location||Trip-a journey Trip –shuts off electricity|
|y||Yolk –nutrient portion of egg Yoke -long piece of wood fix at the neck of animals|
Many words in English sound identical when spoken. So we commonly pick the wrong one while writing. Although, the sounds of these words are similar, the meaning can be different. When writing these homophones, use the correct homophone in the sentence.
- Principle -(moral code)-I live by my principles.
Principal- (in charge of school)-The principal will meet my parent’s tomorrow.
- Weather--(climate)-The weather is pleasant today.
Whether--(choice)-Tell me whether you like it or not.