Common, Proper and Collective Nouns for Grade 4 | ORCHIDS |
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Concept: Common, Proper, and Collective Nouns


A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. A Noun is also termed as a ‘naming word’.



  1. Things: cup, spoon, chair, table, balloon, etc.,
  2. Nature-1
  3. Person: boy, girl, man, woman, teacher, john, Priya, etc.
  4. Nature-1
  5. Place: Mumbai, Bangalore, home, garden, school, ground, etc.

Types of Nouns:

Nouns are an important part the of English language. There are different types of nouns. Three types of nouns will be discussed below:


Common Noun:

A common noun refers to the name of a person, place, thing, etc., which is a name given in general. They do not begin with capital letters.


  1. A lamp is next to the chair.
  2. The cupboard was open when they got home.
  3. Would you want a bottle & a box of candles?

Proper Noun:

The proper noun refers to a specific person, place thing. They always begin with capital letters.


  1. Riya regularly reads stories before going to bed.
  2. Mumbai is a city filled with people with many dreams.
  3. Jupiter is light years away from the earth.

Collective Noun:

A collective noun is a word used to represent a group of things animals, or a thing like a bunch of keys, a pack of cards, etc.


  1. My family gathers every Sunday to play Monopoly.(Family-At least 3 members)
  2. There are forty students in my class. (Class- a group of students)
  3. The army works hard to protect the country. (army-group of soldiers)
  4. I saw a school of fish at the aquarium. (school of fish- many fish that stay or swim together)
  5. The flock of geese flew across the sky. (flock- a number of birds travelling together)

Common Mistakes:

  1. Do not interchange collective nouns used for people with animals or with one type of animal and another.
  2. Examples:

    1. A swarm of bees attacked the man with the cane.

    2. A herd of bees attacked the man with the cane. (herd- a group of cattle)
  3. Collective nouns can be treated as singular or plural.
  4. Examples:

    1. The committee was formed in 1916.
    2. The committee is having lunch
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