Simple and Compound Sentences | Grade 4 English Learning Concepts
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Types of Sentences

Concept: Simple and Compound Sentences

What is a Sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Sentences can be divided into different types. They are simple compounds and complex.

  1. Simple Sentence
    • A simple sentence, as the name suggests, is the simplest form of a sentence. It contains the basic components that are the subject, verb and object. A simple sentence is said to show a complete thought.
    • has only one subject and one predicate.
    • has one independent clause and no dependent clause.


  2. Compound Sentence
  3. A compound sentence has two or more independent sentences.These sentences are combined with the use of coordinating conjunctions.

    Punctuation can be used to form a compound sentence.Using a comma or a semicolon between two independent clauses can also create compound sentences.



    1. Raj waited for the train but the train was late.
    2. He ate all the ice cream,yet he was hungry.

How is a Compound Sentence Formed?

Compound sentences are made by using two simple sentences joined together.



Ramesh is sitting on the bench, and he is eating an apple.

Common Errors

Missing Comma in Compound Sentences.

A compound sentence expresses two ideas which is related, and it includes co-coordinating conjunctions to connect two sentences.

There should be a comma before the conjunction to indicate some type of relationship between the two independent clauses in the sentence.


  1. Riya went to the store and Lizzy went with her.
  2. Riya went to the store, and Lizzy went with her.
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