Simple and Compound Sentences | Grade 4 English Learning Concepts
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Types of Sentences

Concept: Simple and Compound Sentences

What is a Sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Sentences can be divided into different types. They are simple compounds and complex.

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  1. Simple Sentence
    • A simple sentence, as the name suggests, is the simplest form of a sentence. It contains the basic components that are the subject, verb and object. A simple sentence is said to show a complete thought.
    • has only one subject and one predicate.
    • has one independent clause and no dependent clause.
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    Examples

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  2. Compound Sentence
  3. A compound sentence has two or more independent sentences.These sentences are combined with the use of coordinating conjunctions.

    Punctuation can be used to form a compound sentence.Using a comma or a semicolon between two independent clauses can also create compound sentences.

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    Examples:

    1. Raj waited for the train but the train was late.
    2. He ate all the ice cream,yet he was hungry.

How is a Compound Sentence Formed?

Compound sentences are made by using two simple sentences joined together.

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Examples:

Ramesh is sitting on the bench, and he is eating an apple.

Common Errors

Missing Comma in Compound Sentences.

A compound sentence expresses two ideas which is related, and it includes co-coordinating conjunctions to connect two sentences.

There should be a comma before the conjunction to indicate some type of relationship between the two independent clauses in the sentence.

Example:

  1. Riya went to the store and Lizzy went with her.
  2. Riya went to the store, and Lizzy went with her.
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