Simple Past Tense - Orchids The International School
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Tenses

Concept: Simple Past Tense

Definition

  • The past tense describes an activity that has taken place in the past.
  • The past tense is divided into four subparts: Simple past tense, past continuous tense, the past perfect tense, and the past perfect continuous tense. Today, we will learn about the simple past tense.
  • The simple past tense talks about an action or activity which happened in the past.

Examples:

Boy

How to Form a Sentence in the Past Tense?

To make a sentence into the simple past tense, add a suffix to the existing verb. You have to add the ‘ed’ to the base form of the verb.

Boy

Examples:

The base form of the verb Adding ‘ed’
Jump Jumped
Love Loved

If the verb ends in ‘e’, then add a ‘d’ to the verb at the end.

Boy

Examples:

The base form of the verb Adding ‘d’
Bake Baked
Like Liked

For verbs that end in ‘y’, the ‘y’ usually changes to an ‘I’ if it follows a consonant, and ‘ed’ is added after the ‘I’.

Boy
The base form of the verb ending with ‘y’ followed by a consonant Adding ‘ed
Study Studied
Hurry Hurried

Rules to make the Simple Past Tense

  1. If a verb ends with one syllable, the final consonant is doubled up before ‘ed’ is added to it.
  2. Examples:

    1. Stop – stopped
    2. Chat – chatted
  3. If the final consonant is w, x, or y, then do not double it.
  4. Examples:

    1. Mix – mixed
    2. Brew – brewed

Exceptions

  1. In simple past tense, the verb remains the same regardless whether the subject is in the singular or plural form (first person, second or third).
  2. Examples:

    1. I jumped.
    2. We jumped.
    Boy
  3. In the case of some words, the verb changes completely while making it into simple past tense.
  4. Examples:

    1. Fly – Flew
    2. Think – thought
    3. Eat – ate
    4. Drive – drove
    5. Swim – swam
    6. Go – went
    7. Know – knew
    8. Get – got
Boy
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