Simple Past Tense - Orchids The International School
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Concept: Simple Past Tense


  • The past tense describes an activity that has taken place in the past.
  • The past tense is divided into four subparts: Simple past tense, past continuous tense, the past perfect tense, and the past perfect continuous tense. Today, we will learn about the simple past tense.
  • The simple past tense talks about an action or activity which happened in the past.



How to Form a Sentence in the Past Tense?

To make a sentence into the simple past tense, add a suffix to the existing verb. You have to add the ‘ed’ to the base form of the verb.



The base form of the verb Adding ‘ed’
Jump Jumped
Love Loved

If the verb ends in ‘e’, then add a ‘d’ to the verb at the end.



The base form of the verb Adding ‘d’
Bake Baked
Like Liked

For verbs that end in ‘y’, the ‘y’ usually changes to an ‘I’ if it follows a consonant, and ‘ed’ is added after the ‘I’.

The base form of the verb ending with ‘y’ followed by a consonant Adding ‘ed
Study Studied
Hurry Hurried

Rules to make the Simple Past Tense

  1. If a verb ends with one syllable, the final consonant is doubled up before ‘ed’ is added to it.
  2. Examples:

    1. Stop – stopped
    2. Chat – chatted
  3. If the final consonant is w, x, or y, then do not double it.
  4. Examples:

    1. Mix – mixed
    2. Brew – brewed


  1. In simple past tense, the verb remains the same regardless whether the subject is in the singular or plural form (first person, second or third).
  2. Examples:

    1. I jumped.
    2. We jumped.
  3. In the case of some words, the verb changes completely while making it into simple past tense.
  4. Examples:

    1. Fly – Flew
    2. Think – thought
    3. Eat – ate
    4. Drive – drove
    5. Swim – swam
    6. Go – went
    7. Know – knew
    8. Get – got
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