Use of Prepositions - Orchids The International School
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Prepositions

Use of Prepositions

What is a Preposition?

  • A preposition is a word that connects a noun with other words in the sentence, it shows the two words are related.
  • They are words or groups of words that show direction, time, place, and the relation between objects
  • Some examples of prepositions are words like in, at, or, on, of, to, behind, with, etc.

Types of Preposition

There are various types of Preposition. Let us take a look at them.

  1. Preposition of Direction.

    The preposition of direction shows some type of movement. To show the direction in a sentence used to, in, into, on, and onto.

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  3. Preposition of Time
    • The preposition of time refers to one point in time. Use the preposition in, at, and on as they specifically tell us when the event is about to occur.
    • Use ‘in’ to show the various parts of the day (not specific with time), months, years, and seasons.
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    Usage of the Preposition of Time in the Sentence

    1. Use ‘at’ with the specific time of the day. Also use ‘at’ with noon, night, and midnight.

      Examples:

      1. I got to school at 8:00 am.
      2. He eats lunch at noon.
      3. She often goes for a walk at night.
    2. Use ‘on’ with days. The word cannot show a specific time, instead it can show a duration of time
      1. I work on Saturdays.
      2. She does laundry on Wednesdays.
  4. Preposition of Place
    1. Preposition of place is used to describe - in’ ( in an enclosed space), ‘at’ (general locations), ‘on’ (surface), and ‘inside’ (something contained)

    2. Examples:

      Boy
      1. The smaller are placed onthe shelf.
      2. They will meet in the hall.
      3. He left his phone on the table
      4. Let’s meet at the theatre tomorrow.
    3. To refer to an object higher than a point, use the prepositions over and above.
    4. To refer to an object lower than a point, use the preposition below, beneath, and under/underneath.
    5. Examples:

      Boy
  5. Preposition of Position

    These prepositions indicate the position of a thing such as above, across, against, ahead of, among, along, towards, under, etc.

    Examples:

    1. The post office is across the bridge.
    2. The kid is hiding behind the door.
    3. Walk towards the market and turn left.
    List of Common Prepositions
    About Beside Near To
    Above Between Of Towards
    Across Beyond Off Under
    After By Underneath Against
    Down Opposite Until Among
    During Out Up Around
    For Over Via At
    From Past With Before
    In Round Within Behind
    Inside Since Without Below

Common Mistakes

  1. A preposition is used to link a verb to the rest of the sentence. However, you have to choose the exact preposition based on the verb that comes before it.
  2. Examples:

    1. She should listen to our opinion.
    2. Sanjay has been busy with work recently.
    3. Employees are not allowed to smoke here.

    Each of the prepositions in bold are the only suitable prepositions to follow the highlighted verbs that go before them. For example, it would be grammatically wrong to say "listen of" or "busy for."

  3. A noun or pronoun (object of the preposition) must follow a preposition. A verb cannot be the object of a preposition.
  4. Examples:

    • The cake was for her. (The preposition for is followed by the pronoun her)
    • The cake was for eat. (The preposition for is followed by the verb eat.)
    • Place the plate by the bowl. (The preposition by is followed by the noun bowl.)
    • Place the place by the washing. (The preposition by should not be followed by the verb washing.)
  5. Do not use prepositions at the end of a sentence. Since prepositions are followed by a noun, they should not appear at the end of a sentence.
  6. Examples:

    • The table is where I put my alarm clock on.
    • Where does he go to?
Boy
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