Using Adjectives and WH words - Orchids The International School
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Descriptive Writing Skills

Concept: Using Adjectives and WH words

Definition

  • The main usage of descriptive writing is to explain a person, place or thing in a way that the reader can visualize it in his or her mind.
  • Good descriptive writing includes different sensory details that talk about a picture. It tells about all senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
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Descriptive Writing using Adjectives

  • Use adjectives and nouns and strong action verbs to give life to the story.
  • When describing a person, you might begin with a physical description, followed by how that person thinks, feels, and acts.

    Examples:

    A bird is sitting on the tree

    After adding the adjectives:

    A tiny and beautiful bird is sitting on the tree.

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Descriptive Writing using WH Words

Another way to stretch a sentence is by using WH words, which will help in adding more details to the sentence. Let’s understand it better with the help of an example.

Examples:

She is eating.

a) What is she eating? ------> She is eating pasta.
b) How is she eating? -----> She is eating pasta with a fork.
So, the final sentence would be:
She is eating pasta with a fork.
Now, the sentence is stretched.

Common Mistakes:

  1. Use how much and how many only before nouns.

    Examples:

    I can’t believe how lazy she is.
    I can’t believe how much lazy she is.
    With adjectives only ‘how’ is used.

    Examples:

    How heavy is the luggage?
    How lazy this girl is?

  2. When talking about long distances in general, we can mention ‘far away’ from or ‘far from’.

    Examples:

    My home is several miles far from here.
    My home is several miles away from here.

    1. When speaking about a specific distance, we can use ‘from’ or ‘away from’.

      Examples:

      My home is several miles from here.

    2. When you are asking a question, you can say, “How far…?”. However, we don’t use the word “far” when giving an answer with regards to a specific distance:

      Examples:

      a) Question: How far is the nearest metro station?
      b) Answer: It’s about a kilometre away.

      c) Question: How far is the police station from here?
      d) Answer: It is about 10 miles away - you should take a bus from here.

Use “far” in the answer when speaking in general.
It’s not that far. (This means it is a short distance away)
It’s very/ pretty/quite far. (This means it’s a long distance away)

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