Using Adjectives and WH words - Orchids
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Descriptive Writing Skills

Using Adjectives and WH words for Class 4 English

The students will learn about descriptive writing by using adjectives with examples and pictures. They will also learn to enhance their descriptive writing skills with the help of WH words. There are some common mistakes as well that must be avoided while using this topic.
In this learning concept, the students will learn the following:

  • To write descriptively
  • To identify WH question words.

Every concept is taught to class 4 English students with the help of examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Once you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable Descriptive writing worksheets at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept using adjectives and WH words in PDF format.

What is Descriptive Writing?

  • The main usage of descriptive writing is to explain a person, place or thing in a way that the reader can visualize it in his or her mind.
  • Good descriptive writing includes different sensory details that talk about a picture. It tells about all senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
Elements of descriptive writing

Descriptive Writing using Adjectives

  • Use adjectives and nouns and strong action verbs to give life to the story.
  • When describing a person, you might begin with a physical description, followed by how that person thinks, feels, and acts.


    A bird is sitting on the tree

    After adding the adjectives:

    A tiny and beautiful bird is sitting on the tree.

    Descriptive writing using adjectives

Descriptive Writing using WH Words

Another way to stretch a sentence is by using WH words, which will help in adding more details to the sentence. Let’s understand it better with the help of an example.


She is eating.

a) What is she eating? ------> She is eating pasta.
b) How is she eating? -----> She is eating pasta with a fork.
So, the final sentence would be:
She is eating pasta with a fork.
Now, the sentence is stretched.

Common Mistakes:

  1. Use how much and how many only before nouns.


    I can’t believe how lazy she is.
    I can’t believe how much lazy she is.
    With adjectives only ‘how’ is used.


    How heavy is the luggage?
    How lazy this girl is?

  2. When talking about long distances in general, we can mention ‘far away’ from or ‘far from’.


    My home is several miles far from here.
    My home is several miles away from here.

    1. When speaking about a specific distance, we can use ‘from’ or ‘away from’.


      My home is several miles from here.

    2. When you are asking a question, you can say, “How far…?”. However, we don’t use the word “far” when giving an answer with regards to a specific distance:


      a) Question: How far is the nearest metro station?
      b) Answer: It’s about a kilometre away.

      c) Question: How far is the police station from here?
      d) Answer: It is about 10 miles away - you should take a bus from here.

Use “far” in the answer when speaking in general.
It’s not that far. (This means it is a short distance away)
It’s very/ pretty/quite far. (This means it’s a long distance away)

Stretch sentence using wh words
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