Daughters of India
Concept: Women Superstars of India
- Women in India are doing excellent in various sectors.
- They have made us proud, whether it is in the field of politics, sports, culture, or science.
- Women’s empowerment in India has been slowly gaining significance after independence.
- Women and men worldwide have worked hard to pass laws in favour of women, their rights, growth, and development.
Some famous women personalities of India:
1. Sarojini Naidu:
- Sarojini Naidu, an excellent orator, and women’s rights activist, was born in Hyderabad, British India.
- She was a social activist who fought for women’s education and later joined the National Congress Party.
- Sarojini Naidu was greatly inspired by Gandhiji and his non-violence theory.
- She worked as the President of the Indian National Congress and became the first Governor of the United Provinces.
- Gandhiji gave her the nickname ‘Nightingale of India’.
2. Indira Gandhi:
- Indira Gandhi was the first and the only female Prime Minister of India.
- Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a notable figure in Indian politics.
- Indira Gandhi acted as the President of the Indian National Congress.
- She played a key role in the Bangladesh Liberation.
- Her Sikh bodyguards assassinated her in 1984.
3. Sushma Swaraj:
- Sushma Swaraj, a famous politician and diplomat was born in Haryana.
- She practised as an advocate in the Supreme Court.
- She was an active member of the Bharatiya Janata Party and became the first female Chief Minister of Delhi.
- Sushma Swaraj became the youngest Cabinet Minister in the Government of Haryana at 25 years of age in 1977.
- After two years, she became State President of the Janata Party, Haryana, at 27.
- She was also the first female Spokesperson of a national political party in India.
- She became the minister of External Affairs in 2014.
4. Sania Mirza:
- Sania Mirza is a professional tennis player in India who won six Grand Slam titles.
- She is one of the highest-ranked female players from India.
- She became famous for defeating many prominent players in singles, but due to a wrist injury, she gave up on singles and concentrated on doubles.
- She won numerous medals in the Asian Games and the Commonwealth games.
- She is married to the famous Pakistani cricketer Shoaib Malik.
5. Arundhati Roy:
- Arundhati Roy is a famous author and social activist.
- She is well known for her novel ‘The God of Small Things’, which won the prestigious Man Booker Prize.
- She is also a political activist and fights for several environmental causes and human rights issues.
- She spent her childhood with her mother, who was a teacher and lived in Kerala.
- Early in her career, she used to write screenplays for movies.
6. Kiran Bedi:
- Kiran Bedi was born in Punjab, India.
- She is a social activist turned politician who is the first woman in India to join the Indian Police Services.
- As a teenager, she used to be a professional tennis player.
- After joining the police, she played a key role in the anti-corruption movement and worked hard to reduce crimes against women.
- She also launched several campaigns against drug abuse.
- She has written a few books and hosted a show named ‘Aap Ki Kachehri’.
7. Indra Nooyi:
- Indra Nooyi is a famous Indian-American business executive born in Chennai, India.
- She completed her bachelors from Madras Christian College, and later moved to the United States of America to pursue a Master’s degree in management.
- She worked as the Chief Executive Officer of PepsiCo.
- She was named in the World’s 100 Most Powerful Women.
- As a teenager, she used to play cricket and had a deep passion for music.
8. Sudha Murti:
- Sudha Murti is a famous social activist married to the Infosys co-founder, N.R. Narayana Murthy.
- She is renowned for her contribution to Kannada and English literature.
- She worked for Karnataka Government Schools and introduced computer labs and libraries for students.
- She is the chairperson of Infosys Foundation and also worked as a member of the Gate’s Foundation.
- She worked for rural development and established many orphanages for children.
- In 2006, she received Padma Shri from the Government of India.
- She is an engineer by profession and joined TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company.
- She has also acted in a few Kannada movies.
9. Barkha Dutt:
- Barkha Dutt is a popular Indian television journalist who became famous for reporting from conflict-stricken areas.
- Dutt’s mother was an eminent journalist who inspired her to choose this profession.
- She started her career as a columnist for a few newspaper agencies.
- Dutt became famous when she started reporting on the Kargil War in 1999.
- She reported from the locations where the conflict occurred and gained recognition for an interview, she took with Captain Vikram Batra.
- She also covered conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
- She received Padma Shri from the Government of India for reporting on the Tsunami.
10. Mithali Raj:
- Mithali Raj is an Indian cricketer who plays as a right-handed batsman.
- She was born in Rajasthan, India.
- She captained both the test and ODI teams of the Indian Women’s National Cricket Team.
- She is a right-arm bowler and has a record of achieving the highest runs in ODI cricket.
- Due to her accomplishments in cricket, she received many awards like the Arjuna Award and the Major Dhyanchand Khel Ratna Award by the Government of India.
- She was awarded the Padma Shri in 2015.
11. Tessy Thomas:
- Tessy Thomas is an Indian space scientist known as the ‘Missile Woman of India’.
- She was born in Kerala, India, and from childhood, she started developing an interest in space launching programmes.
- She excelled in mathematics and physics and later studied Armament Technology at a reputed institute in south India.
- She worked on several projects for the development of ballistic missiles.
- She also collaborated with Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam on some notable projects.
12. Kalpana Chawla:
- Kalpana Chawla was an astronaut born in Haryana, India.
- She did her Bachelors in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab, India.
- Later she moved to the United States of America to pursue a Master’s in Aerospace Engineering.
- She started working at NASA and got selected for her first space mission.
- Her second space mission was tragic because the spaceship was destroyed, causing all its members' deaths.
- After her death, she was honoured by various educational departments of the Government of India.
13. Gunjan Saxena:
- Gunjan Saxena is an Indian Air Force officer and a former helicopter pilot in the Indian Air Force.
- She is the first woman who flew in a combat zone.
- During the Kargil War in 1999, she evacuated more than 900 troops from the conflict zone, including injured and deceased soldiers.
- She was born in an Army family in New Delhi, India.
- After the Kargil War, she received ‘Shaurya Veer’ from a civilian organisation in Uttar Pradesh.
- The Bollywood film Gunjan Saxena: The Kargil Girl is based on her life.
Orator: A person who is good at speaking before a huge mass.
Activist: A person who fights for political or social changes.
Missile: A weapon that is thrown to strike something at a distance.
Armament technology: The technology that deals with weapons, equipment, structures, and vehicles used for warfare.
Combat zone: The area where fighting is taking place.
Did You Know?
- In 1924, the only Olympic event women were allowed to participate in was ice skating. Fifteen women participated in that event.
- Shakuntala Devi was a famous mathematician. She was highly accurate and fast at calculations, which is why she received the title ‘Human computer’. Later in her life, she also worked as a Mathematics teacher.