Terms and Methods of Division for Grade 4 | Maths | ORCHIDS
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Operations on Numbers

Division - Terms related to division

Division: Division is one of the four arithmetic operations. The process of distributing a group of things into equal parts is called division.

Dividend: The number that is to be divided is called Dividend.

Divisor: The number by which the dividend is divided is called the Divisor.

Quotient: The results obtained in the division process is called the Quotient.

The symbol used for division is “÷”.

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Division As Opposite of Multiplication

Example :

There are 12 balls and 3 boxes. Arrange 12 balls equally in the 3 boxes.

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Answer:

We know that 3 × 4 = 12. So, if 12 balls are divided into three boxes, then each box will contain 4 balls. 12 ÷ 3 = 4.

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Grid Method of Division for 2-digit Numbers

Example :

Divide 96 by 4.

Answer:

Write 96 on the grid and 4 outside the box.

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Long Method of Division for 2-digit Numbers

Example :

Divide 39 by 3.

Answer:

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Fun facts:

  • If a number is divided by itself then the quotient is 1.
  • If a number is divided by 1 then the quotient is the number itself.

Common Mistakes:

Students generally neglect the place holder of 0.

Example :

404 ÷ 2

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The correct way is

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Therefore, 404 ÷ 2 = 202

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