What is a Map? | Directions ,Map key and Scale - Orchids

# Map

• A map helps us to get the right directions to any place.
• Map guides us in the right direction whenever we are lost.
• Direction is the pathway along which an object is moving.

## Map Key

• Different symbols and colours are used to represent important places like railways, hospitals, restaurants, bus stop, police station and schools etc… on the map.
• A map key are some symbols used in the map to define different important places.

Examples:

These symbols are commonly used to denote some places.

In a map, the symbols are clearly explained using the map key. Below are some map keys that are used generally to define some places in the map.

= Hospital.

= Post office

= Police station

= Schools

= Restaurants

= Bus Stop

Directions

• North- East (NE)
• North-West (NW)
• South-East (SE)
• South-West (SW)

Let us discuss with an example.

Examples:

Read the map below and fill in the blanks.

1. Rana goes to school in the ___________direction.
2. Rana goes to the Post office in the _________direction.
3. Rana goes to a restaurant in the ___________direction.
4. Rana goes to the library in the ___________ direction.

1. Rana goes to school in the North-East direction.
2. Rana goes to the Post office in the South-East direction.
3. Rana goes to a restaurant in the South-West direction.
4. Rana goes to the library in the North-West direction.

## Scales in Map

A scale in map defines the relation between distance of two places on a map and the corresponding distance between those two places on the earth. We can easily find scale of amp written in the corner of a map.

When scaling a map, we use cm and mm both.

• 1 cm on the map = 1 km on earth
• 1 mm on the map = 1 km on earth.
• Large scale map looks each feature looks larger and shows a smaller geographic area.
• Small scale map makes each feature look smaller and shows a larger geographic area.

Let us discuss with an example.

Examples:

Read the map carefully and find the distance.

1. Find the distance between the tree and the bridge.
2. Find the distance between the ice cream stall and the park.
3. Find the distance between the tree and the fountain.

1. From the picture it is clear that the distance between the tree and the bridge is 3 squares.

That means 3 cm.

3 cm in the picture = 3km in real

Hence, the distance between the tree and the bridge is 3 km.

2. From the picture it is clear that the distance between the ice cream stall and the park is 3 squares.

That means 3 cm.

3 cm in the picture = 3km in real

Hence, the distance between the ice cream stall and the park is 3 km.

3. From the picture, it is clear that the distance between the tree and the fountain is 1 square.

That means 1 cm.

1 cm in picture = 1 km in real

Hence, the distance between tree and the fountain is 1 km.

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