Healthy Habits for Excretory System | Grade 5 Science | ORCHIDS
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Excretory System

Concept: Healthy Habits Related to Excretion

What is excretion?

  • It is the process by which unwanted toxic materials are filtered in the kidney and discharged from the body in the form of urine.
  • Excretion is a very complicated physiological process, and one has to follow some healthy habits to keep the excretory system functioning properly.
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The different healthy habits one must follow to keep their excretory system in proper condition are discussed below—

1. Drinking plenty of water:

  • Drinking water helps in the dilation of our blood vessels, and it provides nourishment to the kidneys.
  • Water keeps our bladder hydrated and healthy.
  • So, one should have at least 8-10 glasses of water every day.
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2. Limited intake of coffee:

  • One should be very conscious about the amount of coffee one should consume daily.
  • Frequent intake of coffee causes frequent urination that may cause stress to the urinary bladder.
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3. Avoiding processed food and sugar-rich foods:

  • Processed foods and sugar-rich foods have high amounts of sodium, potassium, and added sugar. These are not good for our health.
  • So, we must try to avoid consuming such food products on a regular basis as they may lead to kidney diseases.
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4. Exercise regularly:

  • Exercising keeps our body fit and has a positive influence on the excretory system.
  • Sweat is produced when we exercise, which helps in the removal of excess water and salts from the body.
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5. Quit smoking:

  • Smoking causes a lot of damage to our health, including the excretory system.
  • It causes many kidney-related diseases like kidney stones and kidney cancer.
  • Smoking also causes irritation in the urinary bladder.
  • So, one has to quit the habit of smoking altogether.
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6. Using the bathroom when needed:

  • We should urinate every 3-4 hours.
  • Holding urine in the bladder for too long can cause infections.
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7. Urinate properly to empty the bladder:

  • Do not rush while urinating, and pass the urine properly.
  • If urine stays in the bladder, it may cause infections and weaken the urinary bladder wall.
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8. Wear loose-fitting clothes:

  • Wearing loose and cotton clothes allows air to keep the area around the urethra dry.
  • Tight-fitting clothes can trap moisture around the urethra, which causes infections.
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9. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables:

  • Adding fresh fruits and vegetables to our regular diet can help curb infections and diseases related to our excretory system.
  • Watermelon, asparagus, eggplant, and berries help in the purification of the kidney.
  • Intake of fruits also facilitates the production of urine.
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10. Maintain proper body weight:

  • Maintaining proper body weight is essential for keeping our kidneys healthy.
  • Being overweight causes our kidneys to work harder to filter toxic materials above the usual level, thereby increasing the risk of renal diseases.
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11. Keep the private parts clean:

  • We have to clean our private parts daily and keep them dry after using the toilet.
  • Not maintaining proper hygiene can lead to urinary tract infections and other microbial infections.
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New Words:

Dilation: Becoming wider, larger, or more open.

Processed food: Foods that have undergone changes like freezing, baking, canning, dehydration, etc., during their preparation are called processed food. Examples: Bread, canned fruits, candies, sauces, jams, etc.

Renal diseases: Diseases associated with the kidneys are called renal diseases, like, chronic kidney disease, kidney stones, etc.


Did You Know?

  • Kidney diseases can make our bones weak and brittle. It happens because kidneys play a vital role in activating Vitamin D, essential for strong bones.
  • Most people are born with two kidneys. However, one can lead a normal and healthy life with just one kidney.
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