Cultures of India - Orchids The International School
Job Alert : To view our Careers Page Click Here X
info@orchids.edu.in (+91) 8-888-888-999
ORCHIDS The International School

Indian Heritage

Concept: Cultures of India

Cultural diversity of India:

  • India is known for its cultural diversity all over the world.
  • It is the land where one can see diversity in language, culture, religion, and festivals.
  • There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. Each state has its own language, dialect, festivals, folk dance, and traditions.
  • There are more than 800 dialects spoken in our country, and 22 officially recognised languages.
  • Boy
  • Despite different values, cultures, and beliefs, integrity among the people here makes India stand apart on the global platform.

Let us discuss some popular classical dances, folk dances, and paintings of India that are famous all over the world.

Classical dances of India:

  • A traditionally performed expressive dance-drama form is called classical dance.
  • The features of classical dance are as follows—
    • They are based on specific postures and expressions.
    • Themes are based on mythological legends and events.

1. Bharatnatyam:

  • This dance form originates from the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • It involves hand movements and gestures called Mudras. These Mudras are performed to the rhythm of Carnatic music.
  • This dance form originated in Hindu temples and slowly spread in the southern states of India.
  • Bharatnatyam is believed to be the oldest dance form in our country.
  • Some famous Bharatnatyam dancers of our country are—
Boy

2. Kathak:

  • The word ‘Kathak’ comes from the word katha, which means story.
  • Kathak is a graceful dance form that has its roots in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Kathak is performed by both male and female dancers.
  • This dance form involves intense footwork on the beats of music.
  • Some famous Kathak dancers of our country are—
Boy

3. Kathakali:

  • This dance form originates from the state of Kerala.
  • One of India's most renowned dance forms, it includes remarkable face movements on sopanam.
  • The dancers wear heavy costumes and makeup which gives them an extraordinary look.
  • Kathakali depicts the stories from Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Lord Shiva legends.
  • Some of the famous Kathakali dancers of India are Guru Gopinath and Kalamandalam Kesavan.
Boy

4. Manipuri:

  • This dance form originated in Manipur.
  • It is mainly used to depict the stories of Radha and Krishna, popularly termed Rasleela, using different postures and movements.
  • It is a group dance.
  • This dance form is mainly performed at marriages and festivals to express religious values and culture.
  • Some eminent Manipuri dance personalities are Guru Bipin Singh and Elam Endira Devi.
Boy

5. Kuchipudi

  • Kuchipudi originated from the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is considered the most challenging dance form as the performer is supposed to both sing and dance and should possess both skills.
  • Some famous Kuchipudi dancers of India are—
Boy

6. Odissi:

  • Odissi originates from the state of Odisha.
  • It is one of the oldest dance forms, consisting of more than 50 mudras.
  • The movements used in the dance form are derived from the ancient idols and sculptures of Hindu temples.
  • The dance form depicts the tales of Mahabharata, Ramayana, Lord Shiva and Surya.
  • Famous Odissi dancers of India are Mayadhar Raut, Gangadhar Pradhan, Kum Kum Mohanty, Meeradas, and Vani Madhav.
Boy

7. Mohiniattam:

  • Mohini is considered the female avatar of Lord Vishnu and includes dance movements depicting the same character.
  • It originated in the state of Kerala.
  • The dance is known for its graceful, polite mudras and tandava, which depicts Lord Shiva.
  • The dance form includes dancing and singing in Manipravalam, a mixture of the Sanskrit and Malayalam languages.
  • Some famous Mohiniattam dancers are Thankamony, Krishna Panicker, and Mukundraja
Boy

Folk dances of India:

The dance forms that are performed at festivals, family functions, and harvest festivals are termed folk dances. They are generally performed in a group.

Some famous folk dances of India, along with the state of their origin, are as follows—

Boy
Boy
Boy
Bihu, Assam Garba, Gujarat Bhangra, Punjab
Boy
Boy
Boy
Lavani, Maharashtra Phag, Haryana Ghoomar, Rajasthan
Boy
Boy
Boy
Gharwali, Uttarakhand Bamboo Dance, Nagaland Kalbeliya, Rajasthan

Paintings of India:

  • Art and craft are among the best ways to depict India's cultural richness.
  • Over time, the styles of paintings have evolved in India.
  • These styles of paintings are of cultural and historical importance as they help us compare the present styles with the ones which existed in the past.

1. Madhubani painting:

  • This type of painting originates in Madhubani village of Bihar.
  • This art form comprises geometrical patterns and is usually done on walls, textiles, canvas, etc.
  • The theme can be nature, stories from Ramayana, Mahabharata, or scenes from Hindu mythology depicting legends of Hindu deities like Krishna, Rama, Durga, Shiva, etc.
Boy

2. Warli painting:

  • It is a tribal art form that originated in the state of Maharashtra.
  • The theme is either depicting the chores of the daily lives of farmers, or activities like dancing, partying, sowing, hunting, etc.
Boy

3. Kalamkari:

  • It is practised by the artisans of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
  • The theme of this art is based on epics like Mahabharata, Ramayana, or the stories of Buddha.
  • The painting is done using a kalam, a pen-like structure made from a bamboo stick.
Boy

4. Gond painting:

  • It is a tribal art form practised by the Gond community of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The paintings depict festivals, people's daily lives, deities, celebrations, and the local flora and fauna.
Boy

5. Patachitra painting:

  • It is a traditional form of artwork that is practised in the regions of West Bengal and Odisha.
  • The themes are based on Hindu mythology and religious myths and deities.
Boy

6. Rajput/Rajasthani paintings:

  • These paintings originated in the royal courts of Rajputana of Rajasthan.
  • The paintings show minute details with the use of bold colours.
  • These paintings were generally based on the royal lifestyle of Rajputs and depicted the same.
Boy

Languages of Indian states:

The languages spoken in different states and union territories of India as per the 2011 census of India are as follows—

State/Union territory Language spoken
Andaman and Nicobar Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam
Andhra Pradesh Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh Nishi, Adi, Hindi, English
Assam Assamese, Bengali, Bodo
Bihar Hindi, Bhojpuri, Angika
Chattisgarh Hindi, Odia, Bengali
Goa Konkani, Marathi, Kannada
Gujarat Gujarati, Hindi, Sindhi
Haryana Hindi, Punjabi
Himachal Pradesh Hindi, Pahadi, Dogri
Jammu Kashmir Kashmiri, Dogri, Pahadi
Jharkhand Hindi, Bihari, Santali
Karnataka Kannada, Telugu, Tamil
Kerala Malayalam, Tamil, Konkani
Madhya Pradesh Urdu, Hindi, Sindhi
Maharashtra Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi
Manipur Meitei, Nepali
Meghalaya Garo, Khasi
Mizoram Mizo, Meitei, Chakma
Nagaland Naga, Assamese, Meitei
Odisha Odiya, Santali, Telugu
Punjab Punjabi, Hindu
Rajasthan Rajasthani, Hindi
Sikkim Nepali, Hindi
Tamil Nadu Tamil, Telugu
Telangana Telugu
Tripura Kokborok, Chakma, Meitei
Uttar Pradesh Hindi, Urdu
Uttarakhand Hindi, Pahadi, Punjabi
West Bengal Bengali, Santali, Hindi
Chandigarh Hindi, Punjabi
Dadra and Nagar haveli Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani
Daman and Diu Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani
New Delhi Hindi
Lakshadweep Malayalam, Dhivehi
Puducherry Tamil, Malayalam

New Words:

Dialect: A form of language specific to a particular region or a group of people.

Sopanam: A type of devotional music originating from Kerala that is used for performing Kathakali.

Tandava: A frantic dance form which depicts the anger of Lord Shiva.

Mythological: Something which is related to myths or folk tales.

Census: : Official count of a population.


Did you know?

  • Due to the graceful movements in Bharatnattayam, it is also called Poetry in Motion.
  • Ottani Thullal is a dance form that evolved in Kerala and is also called Poor Man’s Kathakali.
  • Kalamkari art is a 100% organic form of art.
  • British museums are decorated with thousands of south Indian paintings that depict the happenings of the 17th century.
Boy
  • -

    Admission Enquiry

    A Journey To A Better Future Begins With Us