Across the Walls
Concept: Women in Various Fields
Contribution of women:
- Women worldwide are achieving excellence in sports and games, politics, business, education, art, etc.
- Earlier, due to cultural backwardness and lack of education, women had no right to vote, no right to proper education, and employment. However, now the scenario has changed, and women from different sections of society are achieving success and making our country proud.
- Women fought hard and protested everywhere in the world for their basic rights.
- That is why women now have started getting equal opportunities everywhere like men and leading many sectors of the society excellently.
Gender bias and discrimination:
- Women in society do not get equal opportunities to men, which is called gender bias.
- Due to gender discrimination, young women are not allowed to participate in sports and games and pursue certain professions.
- In the workplace, women do not get equal opportunities as their male counterparts, and sometimes they do not get promoted or receive a comparable salary to men.
- Girls from poor families do not get the opportunity to complete their studies and get married early.
- Many women are tirelessly working to overcome this situation as they know that society cannot develop and flourish properly without the contributions of women.
Some famous women personalities of India:
1. Jhulan Goswami:
- She is a famous Indian cricketer and the former captain of the national women’s cricket team.
- She is one of the fastest bowlers in the field of women’s cricket.
- She is the highest wicket-taker in women’s one-day international cricket.
- She received the Arjuna Award in 2010 and Padma Shri in 2012.
- She also worked as a bowling consultant for the Indian women’s national cricket team.
2. Sania Mirza:
- She is a renowned tennis player in India.
- She won 6 Grand Slam titles throughout her career.
- She won numerous medals in the Asian and Commonwealth Games for her outstanding performances.
- She received the Arjuna Award in 2004 and Padma Bhushan in 2016.
3. P.V. Sindhu:
- She is a well-known Indian badminton player.
- She received her training from Pullela Gopichand’s Badminton Academy.
- She won medals in the Olympics, Asian Games, and Commonwealth Games.
- She won the Arjuna Award in 2013 and the Padma Bhushan Award in 2020.
4. Mary Kom:
- She belongs to the Kom tribe of Northeast India.
- She is a famous Indian boxer who won many international boxing championships.
- In 2012, she qualified for the London Olympics.
5. Indira Gandhi:
- She was the first female Prime Minister of India.
- She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, a famous politician who played a vital role in India’s struggle for independence.
- She played a key role in Bangladesh’s liberation.
- Her bodyguards assassinated her.
- She was a famous politician and the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu.
- She was trained in Carnatic music and Bharatnatyam.
- She started her career as a film actress and worked in many successful movies.
- She was a social worker and later turned into a politician.
- The members and followers of her political party used to call her Amma.
7. Nirmala Sitharaman:
- She is a famous Indian politician and economist.
- Currently, she serves as the Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs of India.
- She studied Economics and served as a spokesperson for the Bharatiya Janata Party.
8. Barkha Dutt:
- Barkha Dutt is a famous Indian journalist and columnist.
- She is the daughter of an eminent female journalist and got inspired by her mother to start her career in a famous newspaper agency.
- She became famous when she started ground reporting on Kargil War in 1999.
9. Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi:
- She is the first female Indian physician.
- She got immense support from her husband, who encouraged her to continue to study.
- She went to America to study obstetrics; she aimed to support the Indian women because, in those days, she thought a woman could talk about her health issues only to a female doctor without hesitations.
10. Kalpana Chawla:
- She is a famous Indian astronaut.
- She was born in Haryana and later moved to the United States to study aerospace engineering.
- She worked at NASA and was sent on a space mission.
- She died in her second space mission in a fatal accident.
11. Tessy Thomas:
- She is a famous Indian space scientist and the Missile Woman of India.
- She developed ballistic missiles and worked on several projects supervised by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
12. Falguni Nayar:
- She is an Indian businesswoman and the founder of a famous lifestyle retail company.
- She is a self-made businesswoman and is one of the wealthiest Indian billionaires.
13. Kiran Bedi:
- She is the first Indian woman who joined the Indian Police Services.
- She is a social activist-turned-politician and has taken part in many anti-corruption movements.
- She worked hard to reduce the crimes against women.
Grand Slam: It is a major tournament of tennis, rugby or golf.
Columnist: A journalist who regularly writes for newspapers or magazines.
NASA: The full form of NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Association, an American space research agency.
Ballistic missile: An explosive weapon propelled by a rocket.
Did You Know?
- Bachendri Pal is an Indian mountaineer who is the first Indian female to scale Mount Everest.
- Gunjan Saxena is a famous Indian female fighter pilot who, during the Kargil War 1999, evacuated many wounded soldiers from the war zone.