Active and Passive voice - Definition, Examples - Class 5 Learning
Job Alert : To view our Careers Page Click Here X
info@orchids.edu.in (+91) 8-888-888-999
ORCHIDS The International School

Change the voice

Change Active to Passive Voice in English for Class 5

Changing from one voice to another is not that difficult when you know the rules and tips to follow. The verb form is modified when you change active to passive voice. When you change from active to passive or vice versa, the meaning remains the same, and it is the structure that changes. The order of the subject, verb, and object in the active voice sentence reverses when it is in the passive voice. Students of class 5 will know these and much more from this chapter.

In this learning concept, students will learn:

  • Active and passive voice definition.
  • Uses of active and passive voice.
  • Types of voice in grammar with examples.
  • Rules for changing active voice to passive voice.
  • Pronouns used in Active and Passive Voice

Every concept for class 5 English students consists of examples, illustrations, and mind maps. They can assess their understanding of the concept by solving the two printable PDF change active voice to passive voice worksheets given at the end of the page. Thereafter check with the solutions provided in PDF format.

Definition of Voice:

  • In English grammar, voice is a term used to describe whether the subject in a sentence acts or is acted upon.
  • Voice can be divided into two types – a) active voice, and b) passive voice.
Types of voice in grammar

Examples:

Examples of active and passive voice

The meanings of the given sentences are the same but they have been written in two different ways.

a) Definition of the Active voice:

In the active voice, the subject in a sentence is performing the action. The subject is the doer of the action.

Examples:

a) My mother painted the house.

b) Sohini made a cake today.

c) Raghav goes to play football.

d) Riya changed the tire of my car.

Why do we use an active voice?

  • Active voice allows the writer to put thoughts more concisely and efficiently.
  • It is used in a sentence to put more emphasis on the doer of the action.
  • It is used in a sentence to put more emphasis on the doer of the action.

b) Definition of the Passive voice:

In passive voice, the subject of a sentence receives the action rather than doing the action. The action is performed on the subject, not by the subject.

Examples:

  1. The tea is made by my mother.
  2. The room is decorated by me.
  3. Nests are built by birds.
  4. The book is written by the poet.

Why do we use passive voice?

  • When we want to emphasize the action and the doer of the action is unknown or irrelevant, we use passive voice.
  • If someone or something has already been talked about in a sentence, we can use passive voice next time when we are discussing the same topic

Rules for Changing Active To Passive Voice

1. Always recognize the subject, verb, and object in the active voice to convert it to a passive voice.

Examples:

Subject Verb Object
She teaches English

2. Swap the subject and the object with each other. The object in the active voice will become the subject in the passive voice.

Examples:

Active voice: He cleans the floor.

Subject Verb Object
He cleans The floor.

Passive voice:: The floor is cleaned by him.

We will interchange the subject and the object with each other and add the word ‘by’ before the object.

Subject Verb Object
The floor is cleaned by him

3. Always change the base verb in the active voice into the third form of the verb (past participle) and add ‘by’, ‘to’, ‘with’ etc after it.

Active voice: Rahim buys mangoes every day.

Passive voice: The mangoes are bought by Rahim every day.

4. When we change active voice into passive voice, the pronouns in the sentences also change in a particular manner. Let’s look at it.

Pronouns in Active Voice Pronouns in Passive Voice
I Me
You You
He Him
She Her
We Us
They Them
It It

Examples:

Active Voice: I went home with him.

Passive Voice: He went home with me.

5.

Rules for Tense changes when converting active voice to passive voice.

While changing to the passive voice, use the helping or the auxiliary verb before the third form of the verb. The use of the helping verb differs for each tense.

Examples:

  1. The cake was bought by her.
  2. The car is washed by our maid.
  3. You are asked not to leave.
  4. The television will be fixed by the mechanic.

1. Simple present tense:

Always use ‘is’ or ‘are’ before the past participle in passive voice.

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
He writes poetry. Poetry is written by him.
Ravi and Prisha love the dogs. The dogs are loved by Ravi and Prisha.

2. Present Continuous tense:

Use ‘being’ after the helping verb and change the main verb into a past participle form.

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
I am eating a pizza. A pizza is being eaten by me.
My parents are inviting guests for my birthday. The guests are being invited by my parents for my birthday.

3. Simple past tense:

Use ‘was’ or ‘were’ before the third form of the verb to change active voice into passive voice.

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
Rajiv watched a movie yesterday. A movie was watched by Rajiv yesterday.
My mother bought the fruits. The fruits were bought by my mother.

4. Past Continuous tense:

‘Being’ will come after the helping verb and before the past participle in the passive voice.

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
Krrish was playing cricket. Cricket was being played by Krrish.
The maid was washing the clothes. The clothes were being washed by my maid.

5. Future tense:

Use ‘will be’ before the past participle form of the verb in a passive voice.

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
Savita will play the guitar. The guitar will be played by Savita.
We will take good care of the cat. The cat will be taken good care of by us.

Exception:

Sometimes the subject in a passive voice is not used. It can be omitted if the doer of the action is not important or unknown, or without it, the sentence still expresses a complete thought.

Examples:

  1. The robber will be arrested soon.
  2. All students are requested to follow school guidelines.
Use of active and passive voice chart
  • -

    Admission Enquiry

    A Journey To A Better Future Begins With Us