Building Sentences English Grade 5 | Orchids International School
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Types of Sentences

Building Sentences

What Makes a Sentence?

  1. Sentences are mainly made of two parts subject and predicate. But in some cases, there may be an additional word like an adjective that is used to describe a noun or an adverb to modify a verb.
  2. Simple sentences can be made without conjunctions. Sometimes these sentences are short in length.
  3. Example:

    Ravi plays tennis.

    Basic Sentence Structure

Framing a Complete Sentence

If you need to study sentences further, the sentence can be divided into more parts. The subject is the doer of the action, the verb is the action word, and the object of the sentence is the receiver of the action.


I want chocolates.

Framing a Complete Sentence

How to Build a Sentence?

Now that you have looked at a simple sentence structure, there are many more ways of increasing the length of the sentence. If you need to study sentences further, the sentence can be divided into more parts.

  1. Adding Phrases
  2. In the sentence, there could be additional information that gives more information about the noun or the verb in the sentence. These phrases are usually added towards the end of the sentence.


    I saw you in the class today.

    Example of Adding phrases
  3. Adding Helping Verbs
    • Sometimes the verb in the sentence needs help to indicate the tense of the sentence. As action words or verbs take place at any given point in time, we need to specify the time more accurately. Hence we use helping verbs in the sentence.
    • These helping verbs are always placed before the verb.
    • Example:

      She was walking fast through the dense forest.

      Example of Adding Helping Verbs

      In the above example, the adjective ‘dense’ describes the noun ‘forest and the adverb ‘fast’ modifies the verb ‘walking’.


Number Agreement

Subject and verbs must agree in number. If the subject is singular, the verb that follows should also be singular.


  • The dog growls when he is angry.
  • The dog growl when they are angry.
Mindmap for Building Sentences
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