Cinquain - Orchids The International School
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Writing a Poem

Concept: Cinquain

What is a Cinquain Poem?

Cinquain poem was invented by Adelaide Crapsey, an American poet. It is a short poem that contains the following :

  • Written in five lines.
  • Contains twenty-two syllables distributed in five lines as 2, 4, 6, 8, 2.

Features of a Cinquain Poem:

  • It portrays vivid images and conveys a picture of what it describes. It has its appeal due to its simplicity.
  • When you look at the poem, it resembles the shape of a diamond.

The Pattern of a Cinquain Poem:

Cinquain does not follow grammar in the strict sense. However, you can follow the trick given below to remember the pattern quickly:

The first line: Noun

The second line: Description of Noun (Adjectives)

The third line: Action (-ing verbs)

The fourth line: Feeling or Effect (a four-word phrase)

The fifth line: Synonym of the initial noun in line 1

In the Cinquain poem, the syllable is written in the following manner:

  • The first line consists of one word
  • Second line usually has two words
  • Third line has three words
  • Usually the fourtn line has four words.
  • Fifth line has one word.
  • (Each word has two syllables)

Examples:

Boy
  • 1st line there are two syllables
  • 2nd line there are four syllables
  • 3rd line there are six syllables

How to Write a Cinquain Poem?

Follow the steps below to write a Cinquain poem.

  • First, think about an idea. Decide on the topic of the poem.
  • Think about the qualities of the topic you decided.
  • Title your poem with the name of the topic.
  • Write down the words in the sequence shown and keep the syllable count in mind.

Examples:

Clouds

Fluffy, white

Moving, gliding, swaying

Looks like cotton

Candy

Boy

Exceptions

Cinquain poems have various rhythms. They don't always have to rhyme. However, you can add rhyming words by using the word that rhymes with the last word of the previous line. The words ‘June’ and ‘monsoon’ rhyme. i

Examples:

Rain

Wet, puddles

Dropping, drizzling, shivering

Thunders during monsoon

June

Boy
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