Degrees of Comparison - Orchids
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Adjective

Degrees of Comparison for Class 5 English

In this topic, students will learn about degrees of comparison definition along with examples. It describes the degrees of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative degrees.

In this concept, students will learn:

  • To identify positive, comparative and superlative degree
  • Degrees of comparison rules.
  • How to form comparative and superlative Degree?

Every concept for class 5 English students are covered with the help of examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Once you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable degrees of comparison worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept degrees of comparison provided in PDF format.

What are the Degrees of Comparison?

  • Degrees of comparison is used to compare a person or a thing with another or a large group.
  • There are three parts to the degrees of comparison.
Degrees of comparison

Example:

Degrees of comparison examples

A) Positive Degree

The basic form of the adjective or adverb is known as positive degree. It usually does not involve a direct comparison.

Example:

Positive degree example

B) Comparative Degree

When there are two person or things, we use this form often with a ‘than’ to compare both the nouns.

Example:

Comparative degree example

C) Superlative Degree

A superlative adjective is used to explain the extreme quality of one thing or person in a group of things or people.

Example:

Superlative degree example

How to Form Comparative and Superlative Degree?

There are many ways to form comparative and superlative degrees. Let’s take a look at them.

Positive Adjectives with One Syllable

Adjectives that have one syllable generally become the comparative degree by adding -er and become the superlative degree by adding -est.

Positive Comparative Superlative
tall     taller> tallest
sweet sweeter sweetest
big bigger biggest

Positive Adjectives with Two syllables

Adjectives having two syllables that end in ‘-y’ generally take -er in the comparative form and -est in the superlative form. Also, while changing the form, the ‘-y’ becomes ‘-i’.

Positive Comparative Superlative
happy happier happiest
lucky luckier luckiest
busy busier busiest

Three or More Syllables

Words having three or more syllables when made into the comparative forms by adding ‘more’ to the phrase, and by adding ‘most’ before the superlative form of adjective.

Positive Comparative Superlative
important more important most important
careful   more careful   most careful

Exceptions

There are some common adjectives that have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Positive Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
little less least

In the one-syllable adjectives, if the last letter is a single vowel and is followed by a single consonant letter, then the word becomes double in the comparative form and the superlative forms.

Examples:

  1. Thin -----> Thinner -----> Thinnest
  2. Big -----> Bigger -----> Biggest
Degrees of comparison chart
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