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Concept: Future Tense


  • The simple future tense refers to an action that will occur in the future.
  • The future tense talks about assurance and facts.
  • It is formed by using the helping verbs ‘will’, ‘shall’ and ‘be going to’ with the main verb.



The sentence indicates that the action (mopping) has not taken place yet, but it will occur in the near future.

How to Form a Simple Future Tense?

1. We make the future tense by using the helping verb ‘will/shall’ along with the base verb.


a) Use of ‘will’:

  • The word ‘will’ or ‘shall’ can be used for all subjects, whether it is singular or plural. For instance, ‘they will’, ‘he shall’, etc.
  • The use of “will” refers to a kind of statement.
  • It can also be used to show a promise, a consequence, a prediction about the future, or just a decision.


1. Boy

2. I will buy a dress for you tomorrow.

3. If you don’t study well, you will not pass the exam.

4. I think it will rain tomorrow.

b) Use of ‘shall’:

  • The word ‘shall’ is also used for almost the same purpose as ‘will’. But according to the traditional rule, we use ‘shall’ with the first-person pronouns (i.e. ‘I’ ). Hence ‘shall’ can also be used with second and third-person subjects to express determination.
  • The word ‘shall’ often indicates suggestions, or some type of formal obligation.

1. Boy

2. You shall finish your homework before the class begins.

3. Rohan shall leave now since he has finished his homework.

4. He shall not violate the rule again.

2. Another variation of the word will and shall is ‘be going to’. When using this phrase with the main verb, it is used to talk about the future. As it shows something that is planned to happen in the near future.



1. Boy

a) Use the auxiliary ‘am’ if the subject is the personal pronoun ‘I’.


I am going to cook dinner tonight.

b) Use the auxiliary ‘is’ if the subject is a singular noun or a singular pronoun (he, she, it).


  1. He is going to go fishing the day after tomorrow.
  2. She is going to talk to her mother.
  3. It is going to rain today.

c) Use the auxiliary ‘are’ if the subject is a plural noun and pronoun (you, we, they).


  1. Several workers are going to be promoted this week.
  2. You are going to face bad weather when you arrive at the airport.

How to Make a Simple Future Tense Negative?

We can make the simple future tense negative by putting the word ‘not’ after the auxiliary ‘will’ and ‘shall’ and ‘be going to’ verb.


1. I will not go to school tomorrow.

2. Tony is not going to play with his friends from tomorrow.


In some cases, the present continuous tense may be used to denote the future tense.


Hemali is visiting tomorrow.

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