Conjunctions And But Or Because | Grade 5 English Orchids International
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Conjunctions

Concept: Join sentences using 'and', 'but', 'or', & 'because'

Definition:

A conjunction is a word used to join a group of words, phrases, or sentences. It is also called linking words or joining words.

The most commonly used conjunctions are ‘and’, ‘or’, ‘but’ and ‘because’.

Example:

Use of conjunction but

The conjunction ‘but’ is linking two complete sentences expressing opposite ideas. Therefore, ‘but’ is the conjunction used to join the two sentences.

There are mainly three types of conjunctions we will learn.

types of conjunction

Let’s look at the correct usage of each conjunction. In this lesson, we’ll learn about only coordinating conjunction and subordinating conjunction.

1. Coordinating Conjunction:

  • The coordinating conjunctions link two words or simple sentences, or independent sentences.
  • Coordinating conjunction can be used to equally emphasize a pair of words or simple sentences.

a) Use of ‘and’:

The conjunction ‘and’ is a coordinating conjunction. It is used to combine two words or simple sentences expressing similar ideas. It is used to add more information to a sentence.

Example:

conjunction and
  • The first and the second part of the sentence are both complete sentences.
  • The conjunction ‘and’ is used to only join two complete sentences. The second part of the sentence adds more information to the first one. Therefore, we linked two sentences with the conjunction ‘and’.

b) Use of ‘but’:

Another coordinating conjunction is ‘but’. We use ‘but’ to join two words or simple sentences expressing two opposite ideas.

Example:

conjunction but

In the above sentence, the conjunction ‘but’ is joining two independent sentence that expresses two opposite ideas.

c) Use of ‘or’:

  • A coordinating conjunction that is used similar to ‘and’ is ‘or’. It is used to combine two words, or simple sentences offering two or more options.
  • The conjunction’ or is used to when you are giving an alternative in the sentence.

Example:

conjunction or

We use ‘or’ to link two simple sentences that give two different options.

2. Subordinating Conjunction

  • A subordinating conjunction joins an independent sentence with a dependent sentence.
  • It helps to provide a transition in a sentence. This transition shows a relationship with place, cause, time, result, etc.

a) Use of ‘because’:

The subordinating conjunction ‘Because’ is used to join two sentences where one part of a sentence tells the result, and another gives a reason for it.

Example:

conjunction because

In the example, the conjunction ‘because’ is joining two independent sentences. The first part of the sentence shows the result and the second part of it gives the reason for the action.

Common Mistakes:

1. Don’t confuse the conjunction ‘and’ with ‘or’. Remember the purpose of using the conjunction.

And= to add

Or = to give option

Example:

  • Kevin should go to school on time, or he will be called a lazy boy.
  • Jenny goes home at 1:30 pm, and she makes some fruit juice by 2 pm.
  • Kevin should go to school on time and he will be called a lazy boy.
  • Jenny goes home at 1:30 pm or she makes some fruit juice by 2 pm.
  • 2. Avoid using two conjunctions to join two sentences.

Example:

  • Because he was crying, his mother bought him a toy.
  • Because he was crying and his mother bought him a toy.
mind map of conjunction
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