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Suffixes

Make New Words in English with Suffixes for Class 5 English

In this concept, the students will learn to make new words in English by adding suffixes with examples. Students will study some common suffixes like ‘less’, ‘full’, ‘es’, and ‘s’ added to the root word.
In this learning concept, the students will learn to:

  • To create new words when they add suitable suffixes.
  • To identify suffixes.

Each concept is explained to class 5 English students using illustrations, examples, and mind maps. You can assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check the solutions for the concept, Make New Words in English with Suffixes for Class 5 English provided in PDF format.

Definition

  1. A suffix is a part of a word that is placed at the end of a word. Suffixes are used to make a new word.
  2. The word to which the suffix is added to change into a different word/ form is known as the root word.

Examples:

use of suffix

In the above word, ‘full’ is the suffix and ‘use’ is the base or main word.

Changes after Adding Suffixes

  1. A suffix has the ability to change the part of speech of a word into a different one.
  2. Examples:

    use of suffix

    The word ‘move’ is actually a verb. But after adding the suffix ‘ment’, the word becomes ‘movement’ which is a noun.

  3. Some words change from verb form (in the present) to the verb in the continuous form after adding the suffix.
  4. Example:

    1. use of suffix
    2. use of suffix
  5. After adding suffix, the number of a noun can also change from singular to plural.
  6. Example:

    use of suffix

    Here, the word ‘dress’ is actually a singular noun. But after adding the suffix ‘es’, the word becomes ‘dresses’ which is a plural noun.

  7. They are used to change the tense of a verb or show the frequency of the action.
  8. Example:

    Suffix Example

    Here, ‘learn’ is the base word and is in present tense. After adding the suffix ‘t’, the word becomes ‘learnt’ which is the past tense.

Types of Suffixes

There are two main types of suffixes: Consonant Suffixes and Vowel Suffixes.

types of suffixes
  1. Consonant Suffixes always begins with a consonant.
  2. Examples:

    1. Consonent Suffix example
    2. Consonent Suffix example
    3. Consonent Suffix example
  3. Vowel Suffixes always begins with a vowel.
  4. Examples:

    1. Vowel suffix example
    2. Vowel suffix example
    3. Vowel suffix example

Exceptions

  1. The spelling of some of the root words are changed when suffix is added to form new words. If the word ends with an ‘e’, you need to drop the ‘e’ while adding the suffix.
  2. Example:

    Exceptions in suffixes
  3. In some words, the last consonant is repeated while adding the suffix.
  4. Example:

    Exceptions in suffixes
  5. If the word ends with a ‘y’, then in some cases, the ‘y’ is omitted and ‘i’ is added to its place.
  6. Example:

    Exceptions in suffixes
mind mapping of suffix
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