Types of Nouns: Proper, Common and Collective Nouns | ORCHIDS
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Concept : Proper, Common, & Collective Nouns

Definition :

Nouns are naming words. It can name anything like a person, an animal, a thing, a quality, an idea, a group etc. Based on this, a noun is classified into further subtypes.

Types of Nouns:

We will be studying three types of nouns. The three types of nouns are mentioned below.

Mt Everest

Proper Noun


Common Noun


Collective Noun

  1. Proper Noun :
  2. stands for names of specific people, place or thing, and they always start with a capital letter. For instance, Mumbai, Ganges, Rakesh, etc.

    Examples :

    1. The first-ever train in India ran from Mumbai to Thane.
    2. The river Ganga stretches for about 1557 miles long.
    3. Ashoka was the greatest emperor of his time.
  3. Common Noun :
  4. Nouns that are general names of a thing or a person within a group are called common nouns.


    1. You should not sit in the teacher’s chair.
    2. A boy from Hyderabad transferred to our class this week.
    3. Close the door on your way out.
  5. Collective Noun :
  6. A collective noun refers to a collection or group of something or some people like a crowd, shoal, bundle, etc.

    Examples :

    1. The crew made it to the shore safely in their ship.
    2. The jury decided to punish all the thieves.
    3. Those boys from the band also sing in the choir .

Application / Rules :

Proper nouns should always start with a capital letter. Example: Taj mahal is one of the wonders of the world
A noun must agree with the verb in terms of person, number and gender.
Example: Aarti does not know about the class.
When collective nouns are taken as a whole, then it will take singular verb, but when they show different things combined together, then they will take a plural verb.
Example: The team has performed well.

Common mistakes :

  1. Some common nouns are not used in plural form. We do not add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to make some common nouns plural but only use them in the singular form. If they indicate more than one, then we don’t add ‘s’ or es’.

    Examples :

    Look at the sentence below. Here ‘s’ should not be added.

    ❌ I need the infomations

    I need the information.

  2. Also remember ‘s’ is not added with nouns that denote a class.
  3. Examples :

    Look at the sentence below, the ‘s’ after blind is inappropriate. It should be only ‘blind’ instead. In the sentence given below, ‘blind’ means the group of people who are blind, so the word is used in the singular form.

    ❌ We have started a school for the blinds.

    We have started a school for the blind.

    This mind map should help you remember the type of noun better.

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