Using Adjectives and WH - Orchids The International School
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Descriptive Writing Skills

Concept: Using Adjectives and WH

What is Stretching a Sentence?

You have learned the basics of sentence structure. Now it’s time to add details to a sentence, also known as stretching sentences.

How to Stretch a Sentence?

Sentences can be stretched using adjectives and ‘WH’ words. Let us take a look at how to stretch a sentence below.

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  1. Describing the subject or the object using adjectives.
  2. Giving more information about the subject or object.
  3. Sharing information about the time and place.

How to Stretch a Sentence Using Adjectives?

  • Adjectives or descriptive words add details to a sentence and make it easy for the reader to visualize the idea.
  • When we add adjectives to stretch a sentence, it usually describes the subject or the object, that is, the nouns in the sentences.
  • Adjectives are used to describe nouns or pronouns.

  • First identify the noun in a sentence to be able to describe it using adjectives.

Examples:

Simple sentence Sentences stretching using adjectives Explanation
The girl shouted. The scared girl shouted. Here we are describing the noun girl with the adjective scared.
The pigeon was cooing. The white pigeon was cooing. Here we are describing the noun pigeon with the adjective of colour.
The snake ate a bird. The big snake ate a small yellow bird. Here we added adjectives to the nouns ‘snake’ and ‘bird’.

How to Stretch a Sentence Using Wh- words?

Sentences can be stretched using Wh- words. These words are ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘when’ and ‘why’. Details pertaining to these questions can be added to a sentence and add more details.

Examples 1:

The cat sleeps at my home.

From the example sentence above, we know the subject is the cat and the verb is “sleeps,” but we are missing details that can provide a better understanding of the cat. These details could include:

Where was the cat?

When and where does it sleep?

Why does it sleep at home? These are questions that can elaborate ideas which could stretch a simple sentence into a detailed one.

Who? The street cat

Doing what? The street cat sleeps

When? Every night, the street cat sleeps on the rug.

Where?Every night, the street cat sleeps on the rug in the balcony at my home.

Why?Every night, the street cat sleeps on the rug in the balcony at my home as she is scared of snakes.

Examples 2:

Simple Sentence How to Stretch a Sentence Using ‘Wh’ Words?
I am travelling. How?I am travelling by car.
Where?I am travelling to the railway station by car.
When?I am travelling to the railway station by car at 3 pm.
Why?I am travelling to the railway station by car at 3 pm to receive my family.

Exceptions

Sometimes you can also stretch a sentence using ‘how long’ or ‘how far’.

Examples:

Upstretched sentence: I am staying here.

Stretched sentence: I am staying here for a week.

In the above, it is stretching by using the words ‘for a week’ while answering the question ‘how long’.

Common Mistakes:

  1. Repetition of same words: Try to avoid repeating the same word more than twice on a page.
  2. Examples:

    Many people are leaving the village and the reason why they are leaving the village is that there are no jobs.

    Many people are leaving the village because there are no jobs.

  3. When you’re stretching a sentence, ensure not to overstuff it with adjectives or else the reader will get stuck in the details.
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