Descriptive Writing Skills
Concept: Using Linkers
- Linkers are words or phrases that connect words, phrases, sentences or ideas, or paragraphs. Linkers are also known as connectors or linking words. For instance, the three basic linkers in English are: and, because, and but.
- Linkers are usually placed at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
- They can be used to join 2 or more clauses or sentences.
In this example, we can see that the first idea, 'Cyclone was predicted', is the reason for the second idea, 'I stayed at home.' Or, 'I stayed at home' is a result of 'Cyclone was predicted.' Both these sentences can be connected through the usage of linkers: therefore or so to clarify the two ideas.
predicted, so I stayed at home.
Cyclone was predicted. Therefore, I stayed at home.
The order can be changed. We can place the result before the cause and use the linker ‘because’.
I stayed at home because a cyclone was predicted.
- Linkers perform different functions in a sentence. They are used to contrast, compare, define, illustrate, and summarize thoughts and develop clear paragraphs.
Types of Linkers
What Linking Words to Use in Descriptive Writing?
Take a look at the table below to understand the type of linkers and how they are used in descriptive writing. To write a good essay or a story you should use proper linkers in your paragraphs and sentences.
|Type of Linkers||Purpose||Linking phrases or words||Usage in Sentence|
|Addition||Adds to support the main idea.||and, even, again, also, further, moreover, furthermore, similarly, as well as, in addition||In addition to music, Shivani also participated in the painting competition.|
|Comparison||Determines similarities between two ideas.||similarly, whereas, likewise, but, except, on the other hand, when compared to, by comparison, equally, in the same way||I was late to work and similarly,my husband got delayed too.|
|Contrast||It is used to show the difference between two ideas.||but, yet, however, even though, still, nevertheless, otherwise, on the other hand, for all of that, after all, on the contrary, in contrast, notwithstanding, unlike, alternatively, whereas, instead of, although||
Though we arrived on time the gates were closed.
|Time||Indicates time and regularity of events.||at once, meanwhile, immediately, in the meantime, at length, at the same time, when, in the end, before that, as, then, after that, last, first, next, while||She slept whileI cleaned the house. He left immediatelyon seeing her.|
|Example||Provides illustrations to support the main idea.||for example, for instance, such as, in another case, in this case, on this occasion, in this manner, in this situation, to illustrate||This medicine can treat various diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.|
|Place||Indicates the position of a noun||here, there, beyond, next to, nearby, opposite to, at that point, on the other side, adjacent to, in the back, in the front||He lived in a house adjacent tothe temple.|
|Summary||To draw a conclusion by summarizing the core ideas.||in brief, in sum, on the whole, thus, to sum up||On the whole, I am satisfied with what I have achieved so far in life.|
|Result||Shows a reason and its end result.||as a result, therefore, and consequently, because, accordingly, so, thus, hence, therefore, as||A cyclone was predicted. Therefore,I stayed at home.|
|Sequence||shows the ideas listed on a priority basis.||first, second, third, then, next, now, following, after, at this point, after this, eventually, subsequently, previously, finally etc.||His lunch got spoiled; consequently, he threw it all away.|
- Linking words are not mandatory. Do not overuse them as it might confuse the reader.
- Linking words like in particular, furthermore, moreover, and in addition must be used when you are giving more evidence for an argument that has been mentioned in a previous sentence. Avoid using it to indicate the introduction of a related idea in the text or paragraph.
Use a comma after using linking words at the beginning of a sentence.
However, I had different plans for that day.
When linking words are used to connect two clauses, a semi-colon is placed
after the first clause.
I would love to join you all for the party; however, I am not free today.
- Linkers is a broad term to describe words or phrases that link sentences or clauses. Conjunctions and connecting adverbs are two broad types of Linkers or connectives. Do not confuse the terms.
Not all linkers are placed at the beginning or middle of a sentence. Time
linkers can be used to end the sentence also. Avoid using them in the
middle of a sentence.
Next week, my summer vacation will start. (This is not wrong)
My summer vacation will start next week.(However, this sentence is more appropriate)
Do not use the last day when mentioning about the previous day. The word
‘yesterday’ is the apt word while refer to a previous day.
I watched the newly released movie yesterday.
I watched the newly released movie last day.
Do not use yesterday night. The appropriate time linker phrase is ‘last
I could not sleep properly last night.
I could not sleep properly yesterday night.