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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 – Villages, Towns and Trade

Iron played a pivotal role in the development of villages, cities, and entire civilizations. Simultaneously, villages held significant importance within expansive kingdoms, as they constituted a source of revenue for the ruling monarchs. To gain a deeper understanding of the dynamics between "Vital Villages and Thriving Towns," one can turn to Chapter 8 of the CBSE Class 6 History curriculum.

Download the NCERT Solutions for Villages, Towns and Trade in PDF

Villages, Towns and Trade

Frequently Asked Questions


Q1: What are the main topics that students will learn in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History?


The main topics that students will learn in Chapter 8 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History are


1. Iron tools and agriculture

2. Other steps to increase production: Irrigation

3. Who lived in the villages?

4. Coins

5. Cities with many functions

6. Crafts and craft persons

7. A closer look – Arikamedu


Q2: How can I download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 PDF online?


You can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 PDF from the links provided at Orchids The International School’S website. Students need to register themselves with Orchids The International School’S to download the solutions PDF for free. All the solutions are created by expert tutors having vast experience in their respective subjects, following the latest CBSE guidelines. Further, all the solutions are written in a simple and understandable language to help students learn with ease and perform well in their Class 6 exams.


Q3: Why should students opt for Orchids The International School’S NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 for reference?


Students should opt for Orchids The International School’S NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 as they are handy and easy to comprehend. Moreover, the solutions can be viewed online and downloaded in PDF for offline use by the students at no cost and without any time constraints. All the solutions are curated by subject experts at Orchids The International School’S using simple language for ease of learning. Neat explanations in paragraphs and the usage of bullets in the solutions help students learn answer presentation skills that are vital for exams.


Question 1 :

Describe the functions of the grambhojka. Why do you think he was powerful?

Answer :

Gramabhojaka was the village headman and, at times, happened to be the largest landowner, too. They were powerful people of the village who collected taxes from the villagers in the name of the king, functioned as a judge and enforced the law of the king in the village.


Question 2 :

List the crafts persons who would have been present in both villages and cities.

Answer :

Craftsmen such as blacksmiths, weavers, carpenters and potters were present in both villages and cities. They played a crucial role in providing goods and services that ensured the smooth functioning of any settlement.

Question 3 :

Which of the iron tools shown on page 79 (of the NCERT textbook) would have been important for agriculture? What would the other tools have been used for?


Answer :

The iron tools on page 79 are tongs, axes and sickles, as shown in the picture below, respectively. Of these, the sickle would have been used for agriculture, the axe would have been important for chopping trees and gathering firewood, and tongs would have been used by a blacksmith for making tools from hot iron.

NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 8

Question 4 :

Compare the drainage system in your locality with that of the cities mentioned in the lesson. What similarities and differences do you notice?


Answer :

The drainage system in our locality is the technologically advanced version of the drainage system used by past civilisations. In ancient times, mud bricks, ceramic and thatch were used to make them. The drawback was that the materials were not durable and would fall down with constant use. Today’s modern drainage systems are made of durable materials like concrete and metal. However, just like in the past, drainage is made by many rings which are stacked one over another. The rings are also made into a tube-like structure. These are the similarities we can notice today.


Question 5 :

If you have seen craftspersons at work, describe in a short paragraph what they do. (Hint: How do they get the raw materials, what kind of equipment do they use, how do they work and what happens to the finished product.)


Answer :

I have seen craftspersons like cobblers and carpenters in the cities and villages. Cobblers are a common sight, and one could be found sitting at almost every corner of the city. They mend shoes by stitching the torn leather or pasting the flapping sole. In villages, they produce handmade shoes and slippers from leather to sell them locally or in urban markets for a good price.


Question 6 :

List the functions performed by men and women who live in your city or village. In what ways are these similar to those performed by people who lived in Mathura? In what ways are they different?

Answer :

This project should be done under the supervision of your subject teacher.


Question 7 :

Fill in the blanks.

  1. _______ was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.

  2. The gramabhojaka often got his land cultivated by the_____.

  3. Plowmen were known as_____ in Tamil.

  4. Most grihapatis were _____ landowners.


Answer :

(a) Vellalar


(b) Slaves and workers


(c) Uzhavar


(d) Smaller


Question 8 :

Choose the correct answer.

(a) Ring wells were used for:

    1. Bathing

    2. Washing clothes

    3. Irrigation

    4. drainage

(b) Punch-marked coins were made of:

    1. Silver

    2. Gold

    3. Tin

    4. Ivory

(c) Mathura was important:

    1. Rulers

    2. Craftspersons

    3. Religious centre

    4. Forested area

(d) Shrenis were associations of:

    1. Rulers

    2. Craftspersons

    3. Farmers

    4. Herders


Answer :

a. Drainage

Archaeologists found rows of pots or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other, known as ring wells. They were used as latrines in some cases and also as drains and garbage dumps.

b. Silver

‘The punch-marked coins’ get their name from the designs on the coins that were punched on them. They are coins made out of materials like copper and silver.

c. Religious centre

Mathura has been an important settlement for more than 2500 years, with several shrines within the fortified city. There were Buddhist monasteries and Jain shrines, and it was an important centre of worship for Lord Krishna.

d. Craftspersons

Shrenis was an association of craftsmen and merchants. These shrenis of craftspersons provided training, procured raw materials and distributed the finished product.


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