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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 14 Electric Current and Its Effects Exercise Questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 14, "Electric Current and Its Effects," are of paramount importance for Class 7 students. These solutions have been thoughtfully provided to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the chapter in an engaging and straightforward manner. Expert subject teachers have meticulously crafted these NCERT Solutions, aligning with the latest CBSE syllabus for the academic year 2023-2024. Consistent practice of these solutions is essential to prepare effectively for the annual examinations. Access the PDF for Class 7 Chapter 14 Science NCERT Solutions below.

Electric Current and Its Effects

Question 1 :

The bulb in the circuit shown in Fig.14.23 does not glow. Can you identify the problem? Make necessary changes in the circuit to make the bulb glow.

wrong electric circuit

 

Answer :

In the circuit above, the bulb is connected on either side.

circuit diagram

 


Question 2 :

 Draw in your notebook the symbols to represent the following components of electrical circuits: Connecting wires, switch in the ‘OFF’ position, bulb, cell, switch in the ‘ON’ position, and battery.

 

Answer :

Electric currents symbols

 


Question 3 :

Draw the circuit diagram to represent the circuit shown in Fig.14.21.

circuit diagram

 

Answer :

circuit diagram

 


Question 4 :

Fig.14.22 shows four cells fixed on a board. Draw lines to indicate how you will connect their terminals with wires to make a battery of four cells.

baterry cell

 

Answer :

 

completed circuit

 


Question 5 :

Name any two effects of electric current.

 

Answer :

i) Heating effect of electric current

 

ii) Magnetic effect of electric current

 


Question 6 :

When the current is switched on through a wire, a compass needle kept nearby gets deflected from its north-south position. Explain.

 

Answer :

When the current is switched on through a wire, the magnetic field is created around it hence we see deflection in the compass needle kept nearby.

 


Question 7 :

Will the compass needle show deflection when the switch in the circuit shown by Fig.14.24 is closed?

compass needle

 

Answer :

No, the compass needle does not show deflection when the circuit is closed, and the magnetic field is not created until the current is flowing through the circuit.

 


Question 8 :

Fill in the blanks:

 

(a) Longer line in the symbol for a cell represents its ________ terminal.

 

(b) The combination of two or more cells is called a _________.

 

(c) When the current is switched ‘on’ in a room heater, it _______.

 

(d) The safety device based on the heating effect of electric current is called a ______.

 

Answer :

(a) Longer line in the symbol for a cell represents its positive terminal.

 

(b) The combination of two or more cells is called a battery.

 

(c) When the current is switched ‘on’ in a room heater, it produces heat.

 

(d) The safety device based on the heating effect of electric current is called a fuse.

 


Question 9 :

Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

 

(a) To make a battery of two cells, the negative terminal of one cell is connected to the negative terminal of the other cell. (T/F)

 

(b) When the electric current through the fuse exceeds a certain limit, the fuse wire melts and breaks. (T/F)

 

(c) An electromagnet does not attract a piece of iron. (T/F)

 

(d) An electric bell has an electromagnet. (T/F)

 

Answer :

a) False

 

b) True

 

c) False

 

d) True

 


Question 10 :

 Do you think an electromagnet can be used for separating plastic bags from a garbage heap? Explain.

 

Answer :

No, because plastic does not have the magnetic property to get attracted to a magnet; hence magnet cannot be used to separate plastic bags.

 


Question 11 :

An electrician is carrying out some repairs in your house. He wants to replace a fuse with a piece of wire. Would you agree? Give reasons for your response.

 

Answer :

It is not a wise idea to replace the fuse with a piece of wire, as it has a very low melting point. In the case of the metal piece, the melting point will be high, and the circuit will be intact in case there is overload or overheating.

 


Question 12 :

Zubeda made an electric circuit using a cell holder shown in Fig. 14.4, a switch and a bulb. When she put the switch in the ‘ON’ position, the bulb did not glow. Help Zubeda to identify the possible defects in the circuit.

incomplete circuit diagram

 

Answer :

The reasons may be as follows:

 

i) The connecting wire may be loose

 

ii) The electric cell may be used up

 

iii) Switch may not be functioning well

 

iv) Cell power has been exhausted

 


Question 13 :

 In the circuit shown in Fig. 14.25

circuit diagram

(i) Would any of the bulb glow when the switch is in the ‘OFF’ position?

 

(ii) What will be the order in which the bulbs A, B and C will glow when the switch is moved to the ‘ON’ position?

 

Answer :

i) No, the bulb will not glow as the circuit is not complete when the switch is off.

 

ii) If the switch is ‘ON’, all the bulbs glow simultaneously.

 


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