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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 Light Exercise Questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15, "Light," are available right here. This chapter covers topics related to light and the reflection of light, offering students a comprehensive understanding of these concepts. To excel in Class 7 Science exams, it is highly recommended that students utilize NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science. By working through the NCERT questions found at the end of each chapter, students can acquire a detailed and in-depth grasp of the subject matter. Here are some important topics covered in this chapter:

Light

Question 1 :

Which type of mirror can form a real image?

 

Answer :

The concave mirror can form a real image.

 


Question 2 :

Fill in the blanks.

(a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called a ____________.

 

(b) Image formed by a convex __________ is always virtual and smaller in size.

 

(c) An image formed by a __________ mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

 

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a _________ image.

 

(e) An image formed by a concave ___________ cannot be obtained on a screen.

 

Answer :

(a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called a virtual image.

 

(b) Image formed by a convex mirror is always virtual and smaller in size.

 

(c) An image formed by a plane mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

 

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a real image.

 

(e) An image formed by a concave lens cannot be obtained on a screen.

 


Question 3 :

 Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false.

 

(a) We can obtain an enlarged and erect image by a convex mirror. (T/F)

 

(b) A concave lens always form a virtual image. (T/F)

 

(c) We can obtain a real, enlarged and inverted image by a concave mirror. (T/F)

 

(d) A real image cannot be obtained on a screen. (T/F)

 

(e) A concave mirror always forms a real image. (T/F)

 

Answer :

a) False

 

b) True

 

c) True

 

d) False

 

e) False

 


Question 4 :

Match the items given in Column I with one or more items in Column II.

Column-I

Column-II

(a) A plane mirror

(i) Used as a magnifying glass.

(b) A convex mirror

(ii) Can form images of objects spread over a large area.

(c) A convex lens

(iii) Used by dentists to see an enlarged image of teeth.

(d) A concave mirror

(iv) The image is always inverted and magnified.

(e) A concave lens

(v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.

 

(vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

 

Answer :

 

Column-I

Column-II

(a) A plane mirror

(v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.

(b) A convex mirror

(ii) Can form an image of objects spread over a large area.

(c) A convex lens

(i) Used as a magnifying glass.

(d) A concave mirror

(iii) Used by dentists to see an enlarged image of teeth.

(e) A concave lens

(vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

 


Question 5 :

State the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror.

 

Answer :

Characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror are as follows:

  • Image distance and object distance are equal.

  • The size of the object and image are equal.

  • The image formed is erect and virtual.

  • Images are laterally inverted.

 


Question 6 :

Find out the letters of the English alphabet or any other language known to you in which the image formed in a plane mirror appears exactly like the letter itself. Discuss your findings.

 

Answer :

A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X, and Y alphabets form images in a plane mirror exactly like the letter itself because these alphabets are laterally symmetric.

 


Question 7 :

What is a virtual image? Give one situation where a virtual image is formed.

 

Answer :

The image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called a virtual image. The image formed by a plane mirror is virtual.

 


Question 8 :

State two differences between a convex and a concave lens.

 

Answer :

 

Convex Lens

Concave Lens

Thick in the middle and thin at the edge.

Thin in the middle and thick at the edge.

The image formed is real or virtual.

The image formed is virtual.

 


Question 9 :

Give one use each of a concave and a convex mirror.

 

Answer :

Concave mirrors are used in the headlights of cars and scooters.

Convex mirrors are used as side-view mirrors in vehicles.

 


Question 10 :

11. A virtual image larger than the object can be produced by a

 

(i) concave lens

(ii) concave mirror

(iii) convex mirror

 (iv) plane mirror

 

Answer :

(ii) concave mirror.


Question 11 :

David is observing his image in a plane mirror. The distance between the mirror and his image is 4 m. If he moves 1 m towards the mirror, then the distance between David and his image will be

(i) 3 m (ii) 5 m

(iii) 6 m (iv) 8 m

 

Answer :

 (iii) 6 m

 


Question 12 :

The rearview mirror of a car is a plane mirror. A driver is reversing his car at a speed of 2 m/s. The driver sees in his rearview mirror the image of a truck parked behind his car. The speed at which the image of the truck appears to approach the driver will be

(i) 1 m/s (ii) 2 m/s

 

(iii) 4 m/s (iv) 8 m/s

 

Answer :

 (iii) 4 m/s.

 


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