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NCERT Class 7 Social Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health

Orchids offers NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social and Political Life Chapter 2, "Role of Government in Health," available for free PDF download. This chapter broadens students' understanding of health, emphasizing that it encompasses more than just illness. Exploring various key aspects, it delves into private and public healthcare services, the impact of water and sanitation on disease control, and the measures the government can implement to ensure healthcare access for the country’s citizens

NCERT Solutions for SST- Civics Role of the Government in Health

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Access Answers to NCERT Class 7 Social Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health

Role of the Government in Health

Question 1 :

In this chapter, you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Observe this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words. An important aspect of the Constitution says it is the “duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health”.


Answer :

 Living standard is defined as an individual’s level of living with regard to wealth, comfort, material goods and, in this context, health. Living in excellent hygienic conditions is a good indicator of how high the living standard of an individual or the nation in general is. On the contrary, the lower the hygiene standards, the lower the living standards. An example of a low living standard is staying in dirty surroundings and consuming unhygienic food.

Public health is defined as the science of protecting and improving the general health of the general population through education, policy-making and research on disease and injury prevention. Indicators such as mortality rate, birth rate, nutrition index, etc., are used to measure how good or bad public health is for a given population


Question 2 :

What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare to all? Discuss.


Answer :

The government can take the following steps in providing basic healthcare to its citizens:

  • Considering the case of the Kerala government, state governments can empower local panchayats by funding them, in the process making them a self-reliant healthcare unit.

  • Governments can lay emphasis on imparting education regarding healthcare to the local populace, such as healthy habits and the benefits of a healthy lifestyle.

  • By providing sanitation, safe drinking water, sanitation and nutrition.

  • Organisation of free health check-ups on a monthly basis will also play a crucial role.


Question 3 :

What differences do you find between private and public healthcare services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.


Cost of Services

Availability of Service






Answer :


Cost of services

Availability of service


High, very expensive

Everything is available but at a high cost


Either free or at a subsidised cost

There is always a rush at public hospitals. Even though basic services are available, they are inadequate for the large number of patients visiting such hospitals


Question 4 :

 ‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ Explain with the help of examples.


Answer :

Poor quality of water leads to a rise in many communicable diseases like cholera, typhoid and jaundice. In addition to that, the sources of such poor-quality water often act as a breeding ground for parasites and insects. Particularly, stagnant water can cause mosquitoes to breed, which are the agents of Chikungunya, Dengue, Malaria, etc. Eliminating these breeding grounds for parasites will prove crucial in improving the health conditions of the populace living nearby.

For example, let’s consider the recent outbreak of dengue that happened in a city. Negligence on the part of the civic authorities in maintaining the canals and lakes led to a surge in dengue and malaria cases across the city. Mosquito larvae need stagnant water to grow. Due to pollution and faulty waste management practices, these canals and lakes have turned into an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes. It was only after draining the canals and cleaning the lakes with the help of sewage treatment plants and solvents the outbreak was contained.


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