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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Chapter 5 - Women Change The World

In this segment of Social and Political Life, Class 7, Chapter 5, women are often confined to specific job roles. Society tends to perceive men in the military, while women are more commonly seen as teachers or nurses. The jobs women hold outside their homes are often associated with their roles within the family. For instance, nursing is considered a suitable role for women due to perceived inherent qualities of gentleness and care. Conversely, fields like science, seen as requiring technical acumen, are traditionally considered more suitable for men. Women are often stereotyped as incapable of handling technology and machinery.

Women Change The World

Question 1 :

How do you think stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, affect women’s right to equality?

 

Answer :

Rigorous social conditioning has enforced the stereotype that women are considered inferior to men. It is a prevalent belief that women do not have the technical skill and bent of mind needed to be engineers and scientists and that they are only fit for professions like teaching and nursing. This stereotype about which profession they can or cannot pursue hinders the fight for women’s equality. It is also a reason why they are paid less than their male counterparts.

 


Question 2 :

“Poor girls drop out of school because they are not interested in getting an education”. Re-read the last paragraph on page 62 and explain why this statement is not true.

Answer :

Poor girls do not leave school because they want to, but rather they are compelled to leave for a wide variety of reasons. In rural and certain backward areas of the country, schools lack basic infrastructure such as buildings, blackboards, stationery, etc. Also, teachers are not available on a regular basis. At times, parents of the girls also feel that it is not important to educate a girl child, as they think a girl’s ultimate goal is to be married. Thus, they are even less willing to spend money on sending their daughters to school.

 


Question 3 :

List one reason why learning the alphabet was so important for women like Rashundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya.

 

Answer :

 It was by learning the alphabet that women like Rashundari Devi, Ramabai and Rokeya were able to write letters, stories and autobiographies, which describe their own struggle against inequality prevalent in society.

 


Question 4 :

Can you describe two methods of struggle that the women movements used to raise issues? If you had to organize a struggle against stereotypes, about what women can or cannot do, what method would you employ from the ones that you have read about? Why would you choose this particular method?

 

Answer :

 The women’s movement used several methods to raise issues. Three of them are listed below:

(a) Campaigning: It is an important part of the women’s movement, as it fights discrimination and women-related violence. Campaigns have also led to new laws being passed. One notable example is a law passed in 2006 that gives legal protection to women who are victims of domestic violence. A similar campaign in the late ’90s gave birth to a law that protected women from sexual harassment in the workplace.

(b) Protesting: Public protests and demonstrations are powerful tools for drawing attention to injustices. I would employ this method in order to dispel a lot of stereotypes about what women can or cannot do. Awareness alone can achieve what pressure cannot, as people themselves can be convinced on their own that certain negative stereotypes are a hindrance to a progressive society

(c) Boycott: Boycotting establishments that are discriminatory to women can be effective in ending discrimination and stereotypes. I would take the example of fairness cream campaign ads. Such advertisements reinforce stereotypes that only women having fair skin will be successful in life. It will only lead to the development of inferiority complexes in women. Thus, boycotting such products will send home the message that such ads are not accepted by the general public and that they must be scrapped.

 


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