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Basic Math Symbols

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What are the Math Symbols?

Mathematics employs a range of symbols for operations, relations, and quantities, forming a concise and universal language. Key symbols include "+," "−" for addition and subtraction, "∫" for integration, and "Σ" for summation, playing a crucial role in accurately expressing mathematical ideas.

Basic Math Symbols:

Fundamental Math symbols include "+", "-", "*", and "/". The addition symbol "+" combines two numbers, while "-" represents finding the difference between two numbers to symbolize subtraction. The multiplication symbol "" signifies repeated addition, and "/" denotes division, the process of sharing or splitting quantities. These basic symbols form the building blocks for more intricate mathematical expressions.

Basic Math Symbol

Symbol

Name of the Symbol

Meaning / Definition

+

Plus

Indicates addition or a positive quantity.

-

Minus

Denotes subtraction or a negative quantity.

× or *

Multiplication

Represents multiplication of numbers or variables.

÷ or /

Division

Denotes division or the quotient of two numbers.

=

Equals

States equality between two expressions or values.

<

Less Than

Shows that one value is smaller than another.

>

Greater Than

Shows that one value is larger than another.

Less Than or Equal to

Denotes that a value is less than or equal to another.

Greater Than or Equal to

Denotes that a value is greater than or equal to another.

π

Pi

Represents the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter.

Square Root

Represents the root of a number.

Infinity

Represents a quantity larger than any finite number.

%

Percent

Denotes a fraction of 100.

!

Factorial

Represents the product of an integer and all the integers below it down to 1.

Summation

Denotes the sum of a sequence of numbers.

Integral

Represents the integral of a function.

°

Degree

Indicates measurement in degrees.

( )

Parentheses

Used to denote order of operations or grouping.

^

Exponentiation

Denotes raising a number to a power.

Cube Root

Represents the cube root of a number.

Fourth Root

Represents the fourth root of a number.

±

Plus or Minus

Represents two possible values: positive and negative.

Angle

Denotes an angle between two lines or sides of a polygon.

Delta

Represents a change or difference in a quantity.

Approximately Equal to

Indicates that two values are approximately equal.

Congruent to

Denotes that two figures or values are congruent or equal.

Perpendicular to

Indicates that two lines are perpendicular.

Parallel to

Denotes that two lines are parallel.

Intersection

Represents the intersection of sets or regions.

Union

Represents the union of sets or regions.

Subset

Denotes that one set is a subset of another.

Superset

Denotes that one set is a superset of another.

Therefore

Indicates a conclusion or inference.

Because

Indicates a reason or cause.

~

Similar to

Denotes similarity between two figures.

For All

Represents "for all" in mathematical logic.

Exists

Represents "there exists" in mathematical logic.

Infinity

Represents an infinitely large quantity.

Nabla / Gradient

Represents the gradient or vector differential operator.

Tensor Product

Represents the tensor product of vector spaces.

Direct Sum

Denotes the direct sum of vector spaces.

Element of

Denotes that an element belongs to a set.

Not an Element of

Denotes that an element does not belong to a set.

Aleph

Represents the cardinality of infinite sets.

a^b

Exponentiation

Denotes raising 'a' to the power of 'b'.

a√b

nth Root

Represents the nth root of 'b'.

mod

Modulo

Represents the remainder after division.

ab

Absolute Value

Denotes the magnitude of a real number without its sign.

±

Plus/Minus

Indicates two possible values: positive and negative.

%

Percent

Denotes a fraction of 100.

Per Mille

Denotes a fraction of 1000.

ppm

Parts Per Million

Denotes one part in a million.

ppb

Parts Per Billion

Denotes one part in a billion.

ppt

Parts Per Trillion

Denotes one part in a trillion.

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