Call us on
Email us at
Orchids LogocloseIcon
ORCHIDS The International School

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Social Science Chapter 7 Human Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication

The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7, Human Environment – Settlement, Transport, and Communication, cover essential topics such as various types of settlements, means of transport (roadways, railways, waterways, and airways), and communication methods. These solutions offer comprehensive answers to all the questions provided in the textbook, serving as an invaluable resource for students. By practicing these solutions, students can enhance their understanding and secure higher marks in their annual examinations.

Human Environment – Settlement, Transport and Communication

Question 1 :

Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the four means of transport?

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people?

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.

(v) What do you understand by communication?

(vi) What is mass media?

Answer :

(i) The four means of transport are as follows:

  1. Roadways

  2. Railways

  3. Waterways

  4. Airways

(ii) Settlements are places where human beings build their homes. Earlier, human beings lived in forests and in caves, but with time and advancement in vegetation, humans made homes to create settlements.

(iii) Activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, trading, etc., are practised by the rural people.

(iv) Two merits of railways are as follows:

  1. Heavy goods can be transported to longer distances within a shorter period of time

  2. It is a cheaper means of transport

(v) Communication is the process of conveying messages to others. Technology has helped us discover faster means of communication. Telephones, mobile phones and the internet are a few means of communication that we use.

(vi) Different means of communication have brought about an information revolution in the country. Various media like radio, television and newspapers are used to provide information to people. This mode of providing the information is known as mass media.


Question 2 :

Give the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?

     (a) telephone

     (b) books

     (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

     (a) fly over

     (b) expressways

     (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

     (a) ship

     (b) train

     (c) car

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment?

     (a) cycle

     (b) bus

     (c) aeroplane


Answer :

(i) c


(ii) c


(iii) a


(iv) a

Question 3 :

 Match the following.

(i) Internet

(a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services

(ii) Canal route

(b) closely built area of houses

(iii) Urban areas

(c) houses on stilts

(iv) Compact settlement

(d) inland waterway


(e) a means of communication


Answer :

(i) Internet

(e) a means of communication

(ii) Canal route

(d) inland waterway

(iii) Urban areas

(a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services

(iv) Compact settlement

(b) closely built area of houses


Question 4 :

Give reasons.

(i) Today’s world is shrinking.


Answer :

(i) Today’s world is shrinking because of better means of transportation and communication. People can communicate with anyone across the world while they are sitting at their homes and can cover the longest distances within the shortest period of time. This has enabled people to get in contact with each other easily and has made the world well-connected.

Enquire Now

| K12 Techno Services ®

ORCHIDS - The International School | Terms | Privacy Policy | Cancellation