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Concept: Monsoon and Spring Season in India for Class 3 Science

From this concept, the students will learn about the Monsoon and Spring Season in India.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • Know about the changes in spring season.
  • Identify various spring animals and spring season festivals in India.
  • Answer what is hibernation.
  • Understand about the monsoon season and the changes in the environment that occur during this season.
  • Identify different monsoon animals and know about different monsoon festival in India.

Each concept is explained to class 4 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept of Monsoon and Spring Season in India provided in PDF format.

  • Winters are followed by an enjoyable season called spring.
  • Summer is followed by the monsoon, also called the rainy season.


What is Spring Season?

  • The season of spring usually starts in February and lasts till April.
  • It is an intermediate season between winter and summer.
Spring bloom


Changes During the Spring Season:

  • The harsh cold climate of the winter season becomes pleasant in the spring.
  • During the progress of the spring season, days start getting longer than the nights.
  • The Earth receives a considerable amount of heat and light from the Sun.
  • The temperature during the spring season is suitable for new plants to grow.
  • The essence of the spring season is associated with the beginning of new plants after the period of dormancy in winter. One can witness a lot of fresh blooms in springs.


Queen Flower Parrot tree Lebbeck Gulmohar
Tulip Daffodil Lilies Crocus


Effects of Spring on the Animal World:

  • One can notice many butterflies, beetles and other insects in open areas during spring.
  • Animals come out of hibernation, such as wasps, bats, bears, hedgehogs, turtles and chipmunks.
  • Birds (Siberian crane, Flamingo) start migrating back to their original places from the nesting grounds.


Spring Season Festivals:

  • The celebration of Vasant Panchami marks the onset of spring.
  • Bamboo crop harvest in Mizoram is enjoyed by celebrating the Chapchar kut festival.
  • Holi, a festival of colours, is celebrated in the month of March.
  • Another festival celebrated in April is Gudi Padwa. It is also known as Ugadi in Karnataka, Telengana and Andhra Pradesh.


Monsoon in India:

  • The monsoon lasts from June to September.
  • It is marked by a reversal of wind pattern. The wind starts moving towards land from the ocean instead of moving to the ocean from land.
  • Different regions across India experience monsoon at different times. It starts in the states of south India and then gradually moves towards north India.
  • It happens because rain clouds take a certain time to cover the entire landmass.

Changes During the Monsoon Season:

  • As the clouds start pouring, many seasonal rivers start flowing with water.
  • Earth is covered by lush green vegetation, and a remarkable rise in humidity can be observed in the air.
  • The water is restored in water bodies like ponds, lakes, etc.
  • Heavy rains sometimes lead to floods, which destroy life and property.
  • Initial rains of monsoons are followed by the onset of agricultural activities by farmers as the soil is drenched and the weather becomes favourable for sowing crops.
  • Sometimes rains occur before the onset of monsoon; these rains are called pre-monsoon showers.


Monsoon Animals:

  • Monsoon allows plenty of water to accumulate in the surroundings.
  • This water helps animals like frogs and fishes to reproduce.
  • Many animals that are not visible in the summer are seen during the rainy season.

Example: Snakes, Earthworms, Frogs, Snails, Centipedes, etc.


Monsoon Festival:

  • Many festivals in India are connected with farming activities. The monsoon season is a celebration in the form of different festivals in different states.
  • In Odisha, devotees celebrate Rath Yatra.
  • To show respect towards the farmer’s friend—the snake, people celebrate Nag Panchami.
  • The traditional festival of Rakshabandhan also comes in the monsoon period.
  • Then arrives the festival of Lord Ganesha, i.e., Ganesh Chaturthi.
  • Towards the end of the farming activities, Onam is celebrated in Kerala.


New Words:

Dormancy: The state of a lower rate of physical activities for a certain period.

Nesting ground: It is the place selected by a bird for building its nest and laying eggs.


Did You Know?
  • Aestivation: Like hibernation (winter sleep), the water-loving animals go for a summer sleep to prevent water loss. Molluscs, reptiles and amphibians show aestivation.
  • The word ‘monsoon’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘mausim’.
  • The blooming of the cherry blossom, Japan’s national flower, in March or April indicates the start of spring for the Japanese people.
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