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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 – Major domains of the Earth

Earth stands alone as the sole planet teeming with life in our known universe. Its surface represents a dynamic convergence of the three primary components of the environment. These components, namely the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere, together create a complex and interconnected system. The Earth's atmosphere is further categorized into distinct layers, distinguished by their composition, temperature, and unique properties. These atmospheric layers include the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere. To gain a comprehensive understanding of these fundamental concepts, students are encouraged to explore the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5. These solutions are designed to facilitate exam preparation by providing clear and insightful explanations. Utilizing these resources can significantly benefit students in their academic pursuits.

Download the NCERT Solutions for Major Domains of the Earth in PDF

Major Domains of the Earth

Frequently Asked Question

 

Q1: What type of questions are present in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography?


There are 3 main questions in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography, and they are answer briefly, tick the correct answer and fill in the blanks. NCERT Solutions comprises precise and accurate answers to all these questions. Highly experienced tutors at Orchids The International School have designed the solutions, as per the CBSE guidelines, to aid students in retaining the topics efficiently. Further, all the important topics are highlighted in the solutions to assist students during their revisions.


Q2: What are the topics covered in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography?

In Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography, students will learn about the different surfaces of the earth, as the three main components of the environment meet, overlap and interact. The four major domains of the Earth – the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere – are discussed.
The main topics that are covered in this chapter are as follows:


1. Lithosphere
2. Continents
3. Biosphere


Q3: What are the different layers of the atmosphere discussed in Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography?


The different layers of the atmosphere are listed below:


1. Troposphere
2. Stratosphere
3. Mesosphere
4. Thermosphere
5. Exosphere


Students can find NCERT Solutions for the textbook questions of all chapters at Orchids The International School for free in both online and offline formats. Subject experts have created these solutions, according to the latest CBSE guidelines, to help students ace their final examinations.

Question 1 :

Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the four major domains of the earth?

 

(b) Name the major continents of the earth.

 

(c) Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.

 

(d) Name the different layers of the atmosphere.

 

(e) Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?

 

(f) Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?

 

(g) Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

 

Answer :

(a) The four major domains of the Earth are Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Biosphere.


(b) There are 7 major continents of the earth. They are as follows:

  1. Asia

  2. Europe

  3. Africa

  4. North America

  5. South America

  6. Australia

  7. Antarctica

(c) Two continents that lie entirely in the southern hemisphere are Australia and Antarctica.

 

(d) The different layers of the atmosphere are listed below:

  1. Troposphere

  2. Stratosphere

  3. Mesosphere

  4. Thermosphere

  5. Exosphere

(e) The earth is called the blue planet because 71% of the earth is covered with water, and the remaining 29% makes up the land.

 

(f) The northern hemisphere is called the land hemisphere because a major part of the landmass lies in it.

 

(g) The Biosphere is important for living organisms because life exists here due to the presence of 3 major components, land, air and water.

 


Question 2 :

Fill in the blanks.

(a) The deepest point on the earth is _____________ in the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The _____________ Ocean is named after a country.

(c) The _____________ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.

(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as _____________.

(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is _____________.

 

Answer :

(a) The deepest point on the earth is Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The Indian Ocean is named after a country.

(c) The Biosphere is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.

(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as Eurasia.

(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is Mount Everest.

 


Question 3 :

Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

(i) the Andes (ii) the Himalayas (iii) the Urals

 

(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by

(i) an Isthmus (ii) a Strait (iii) a Canal

 

(c) The major constituent of the atmosphere by per cent is

(i) Nitrogen (ii) Oxygen (iii) Carbon dioxide

 

(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is

(i) the Atmosphere (ii) the Hydrosphere (iii) the Lithosphere

 

(e) Which is the largest continent?

(i) Africa (ii) Asia (iii) Australia

 

Answer :

a. (iii) the Urals

 

b. (i) an Isthmus

 

c. (i) Nitrogen

 

d. (iii) the Lithosphere

 

e. (ii) Asia

 


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