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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2- From Trade to Territory

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2, titled "From Trade to Territory: The Company Establishes Power," serve as a crucial component of your study material, offering valuable assistance in achieving commendable scores in Social Science examinations. Meticulously crafted by proficient educators, these solutions are designed to enhance your understanding of the subject matter.

NCERT Solutions for SST-History From Trade to Territory

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Access Answers to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2- From Trade to Territory

From Trade to Territory

Question 1 :

Match the following:

Diwani 

Tipu Sultan

“Tiger of Mysore”

right to collect land revenue

faujdari adalat 

Sepoy

Rani Channamma

criminal court

sipahi 

led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

 

Answer :

Diwani 

right to collect land revenue

“Tiger of Mysore”

Tipu Sultan

faujdari adalat 

criminal court

Rani Channamma

led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

sipahi 

Sepoy

 


Question 2 :

Fill in the blanks:

  1. The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ________.

  2. Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of ________.

  3. Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of

  4. Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ________ part of India. 

 

 

Answer :

  1. Plassey
  2. Mysore
  1. Lapse
  1. South-Western

 


Question 3 :

State whether true or false:

  1. The Mughal empire became stronger in the eighteenth century.

  2. The English East India Company was the only European company that traded with India.

  3. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.

  4. The British did not introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered.

 

 

Answer :

  1. False

  1. False

  1. True

  1. False


Question 4 :

What attracted European trading companies to India?

 

Answer :

There were many things that attracted the European countries to India, such as:

  1. It was highly profitable to trade with India and the businesses in Europe flourished due to inflow of money.

  2. The prices of goods purchased in India were very less whereas in Europe, they were sold at hefty prices.

  3. The European market had a high demand of top-quality cotton and silk from India.

  4. The Europeans were very fond of spices which were brought from India.

  5. Some European powers also used the rights of revenue collection for their funding, which gave them a trade surplus.

 


Question 5 :

 What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?

Answer :

The British had been granted several concessions from the Mughal rulers until the death of Aurangzeb. However, after Aurangzeb died, the independent rulers of Bengal took away the concessions. 

The new Nawabs put heavy import duties on British goods which took away their profits and this made the British hostile towards the Nawabs. The Nawabs also took away mining rights from the British which was a loss of business for the British.

The British started purchasing more villages, building more forts and this was not received well by the Nawabs. Thus, the conflicts between the British and the Nawabs increased.

 


Question 6 :

How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?

 

Answer :

 These were the ways in which the Diwani Rights benefited the company:

  1. The company could use the revenue from Bengal for expanding the trade.

  2. The British East India Company saw growth while other businesses collapsed. This created a monopoly in the market.

  3. The revenues were not used for public purposes but were used for fortifying the British settlements and expanding them.

  4. The company gained influence in political matters and abused this influence to benefit their trade.

 


Question 7 :

Collect pictures, stories, poems and information about any of the following – the Rani of Jhansi, Mahadji Sindhia, Haidar Ali, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Lord Dalhousie or any other contemporary ruler of your region.

 

Answer :

Rani Lakshmi Bai was the wife of the deceased King of Jhansi who led in the First War of Independence of India from Jhansi and Gwalior. She led her forces from Jhansi and Gwalior and fought the British against their policies. She was killed in battle and has a memorial in Gwalior. She was born into a Maratha family and was married to the King of Gwalior Gangadhar Rao.

Poem: “Chamak uthi san sattavan mein, woh talwar purani thi, Bundele harbolon ke munh humne suni kahani thi, Khoob ladi mardani woh toh Jhansi wali rani thi”.

 


Question 8 :

 Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.

Answer :

Subsidiary Alliance was one of the plans undertaken by the British East India company after the Battle of Buxar to consolidate its position in India. As per this alliance:

  1. The English East India Company became the Guardian of the State.

  2. The King’s activities were restricted and monitored by a British Resident in the Royal Court.

  3. The Armed Forces of Indian Rulers were placed under British Rule.

  4. No other European nation could be granted shelter or privileges other than the British by the Kings.

  5. The Kings paid the British East India Company for protecting their territories.

  6. The company could annex the territories of the King on failure of payment for the protection.


Question 9 :

In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?

Answer :

 The differences between the administration of the Company and Indian rulers were as follows:

  1. The British territories were divided into Presidencies but Indian territories were divided into Districts, Parganas, Tehsils and Villages.

  2. The British territories had a Governor whereas Indian territories were headed by Zamindars.

  3. The British had the Governor-General as the supreme authority as compared to Kings in the Indian administration.

  4. The Civil and Criminal Court was the same in India prior to the British. The British separated the Criminal and Civil Courts in India.

 

 

 


Question 10 :

Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.

 

Answer :

The British maintained their own army parallel to the armies of the rulers in India. Following were the features of the British army in India:

  1. They were recruited from common people and trained thereafter.

  2. They were disciplined as per European norms.

  3. They were armed with muskets and matchlocks and moved on foot.

  4. There were no caste and community feelings among the soldiers.

  5. They were known as the Sepoy Army.

 


Question 11 :

After the British conquest of Bengal, Calcutta grew from a small village to a big city. Find out about the culture, architecture and the life of Europeans and Indians of the city during the colonial period.

 

Answer :

The city of Calcutta was the centre of British rule in India and was the capital city of the British. The Europeans lived in highly serviced areas and well-developed cities. The Indians lived in unplanned villages as before. The culture of Bungalows and Clubs was brought to Calcutta by the Europeans and they played sports such as Golf, Cricket and Racing. The Drama theatres also evolved during this period. The architecture of the newly built structures was influenced from European styles and several buildings had Roman and Gothic appearances.


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