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Adjectives for class 5 English

Concept : Adjective of Quality & Number

This concept will assist students on adjectives and its types: adjective of quality and number. Students will also study the difference between adjective of number and quality. There are many adjective of quality examples with definition mentioned in the concept.

In this learning concept, the students will learn the following:

  • To identify adjectives of quality and number.
  • To complete sentences using adjectives.
  • Types of adjectives of number with examples.

Every concept is taught to class 5 English students with the help of examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Once you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable adjective of quality and number worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept adjective of number and quality provided in PDF format.

Adjective Definition:

Adjectives are those words that describe nouns or pronouns. It gives more information about

Examples:

  1. Sneha is a kind person.
  2. Nihal bought two mangoes from the market.

Types of Adjectives

There are different types of adjectives like adjective of quality,
adjective of number, emphasizing adjective and many more. We will focus on only two types of adjectives.

Adjective of Numbers

Adjectives of numbers are those that give information about the number of nouns or pronouns mentioned in the sentence.

Example:

Adjective of number is further classified into three types.

A) Definitie Adjective

The definite adjectives denote a specific number that shows the noun’s position in the sentence. These adjectives are numerals like one, two, fifteen, etc.

Examples:

  1. There are ten students in the class.
  2. I got two gifts on my birthday.

B) Indefinite Adjective

This adjective denotes more than one number of nouns without clearly mentioning the exact number.

Examples:

  1. There are several hospitals in the city.
  2. I have many friends in the class.

C) Distributive adjective

A distributive adjective is an adjective that refers to members of a group individually.

Examples:

  1. She is a beautiful girl.
  2. He is an intelligent person.

Exception

Indefinite adjectives are followed by a countable noun, whereas adjectives of quantity are followed by an uncountable noun.

Examples:

  1. She has got some tickets for the show.
  2. I need some sugar.

In the first example, ‘some’ is used for the word ‘tickets’, which is a countable noun.
In the second example, ‘some’ is used for the word ‘sugar’, which is an uncountable noun.

 

Concept : Degrees of Comparison

In this topic, students will learn about degrees of comparison definition along with examples. It describes the degrees of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative degrees.

In this concept, students will learn:

  • To identify positive, comparative and superlative degree
  • Degrees of comparison rules.
  • How to form comparative and superlative Degree?

Every concept for class 5 English students are covered with the help of examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Once you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable degrees of comparison worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept degrees of comparison provided in PDF format.

What are the Degrees of Comparison?

  • Degrees of comparison is used to compare a person or a thing with another or a large group.
  • There are three parts to the degrees of comparison.

Example:

A) Positive Degree

The basic form of the adjective or adverb is known as positive degree. It usually does not involve a direct comparison.

Example:


B) Comparative Degree

When there are two person or things, we use this form often with a ‘than’ to compare both the nouns.

Example:


C) Superlative Degree

A superlative adjective is used to explain the extreme quality of one thing or person in a group of things or people.

Example:


How to Form Comparative and Superlative Degree?

There are many ways to form comparative and superlative degrees. Let’s take a look at them.

Positive Adjectives with One Syllable

Adjectives that have one syllable generally become the comparative degree by adding -er and become the superlative degree by adding -est.

Positive Comparative Superlative
tall     taller> tallest
sweet sweeter sweetest
big bigger biggest

Positive Adjectives with Two syllables

Adjectives having two syllables that end in ‘-y’ generally take -er in the comparative form and -est in the superlative form. Also, while changing the form, the ‘-y’ becomes ‘-i’.

Positive Comparative Superlative
happy happier happiest
lucky luckier luckiest
busy busier busiest

Three or More Syllables

Words having three or more syllables when made into the comparative forms by adding ‘more’ to the phrase, and by adding ‘most’ before the superlative form of adjective.

Positive Comparative Superlative
important more important most important
careful   more careful   most careful

Exceptions

There are some common adjectives that have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Positive Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
little less least

In the one-syllable adjectives, if the last letter is a single vowel and is followed by a single consonant letter, then the word becomes double in the comparative form and the superlative forms.

Examples:

  1. Thin -----> Thinner -----> Thinnest
  2. Big -----> Bigger -----> Biggest
 

Concept : Sound Adjective

Using sound adjectives in English while writing a story or paragraph is vital as that makes it more interesting and engages the readers. In this chapter, students will know the words related to sound, usage , common mistakes and exceptions that occur while using it.

From this learning concept, students will study:

  • Usage of sound adjective words.
  • To form a sentence with different sound words and relevant examples.
  • Some different sound words in English with instances.
  • Onomatopoeia words with examples.
  • All sound words list with examples which includes loud sounds examples, soft sounds examples and animal sounds.

All the learning concepts covered in Class 4 using mind maps, illustrations, and examples. Students can resolve the two PDF sound worksheets given at the end of the chapter. The solutions to these worksheets are also available in PDF format.

Definition:

  • Words that describe different types of sound are known as descriptive sounds. There are several words in the English Language that help us describe various sounds like soft sounds or loud noises.
  • Sound is the sensation that is experienced through hearing. It uses one of the five senses that is our ears to transfer the sounds to our brain.

Examples:

  1. I could hear the bees buzzing in the garden.
     b. This morning I woke up to the sound of the chirping birds.
     c. The storm was so severe that I could hear its roaring noise.

How to Form a Sentence with Sound Words?

Let us have a look at how to use sound words and how it can bring about a difference in a sentence.

Adjectives come usually before the noun they describe. For better description , the adjectives and words are known as adjective phrases.

Sentence Sound Words Added Explanation
She has a different voice. She has a husky voice. When the adjective sound word ‘husky’ is added to the sentence, the reader gets an idea of how her voice is exactly than mentioning it as a ‘different voice’.
The teacher saw the girls in the last bench laughing. The teacher saw the girls in the last bench giggling. In the first sentence laughing is a generic term , but giggling is a word used for a gentle laugh. Understand that in this sentence the girls could not be laughing loudly since they are in a classroom.
The music was disturbing. The music was annoyingly loud. The adjective phrase ‘annoyingly loud’ adds more descriptive power to the sentence.

Common Descriptive Sound Words

Let us have a look at some of the common descriptive sound words used in English.
shrill brittle silent
melodious squeaky noisy
piercing high-pitched hoarse
husky screaky whisper
loud screaming quiet
groan ring harmonious
thunderous grinding rhythmic
mellow howling roaring

Words That Show and not Tell

We hear various sounds all the time. But how do we say or pronounce them as words? There are many words that show and not tell. These words can be categorized as Onomatopoeia. These words phonetically which resembles the sound it describes. This makes the description more interesting.

Let us have a look at some of the Onomatopoeic words in the table below.

bang boom beep
crash crackle fizz
knock flutter ping
sizzle splash tick tock
vroom shhh... crunched

Few More Words to Describe Various Sounds

Here’s a convenient list of descriptive sound words.

A. To show 'piercing' or 'abrupt' or even 'loud' noise have a look at the following words:

Words for Loud or Abrupt Noise
beep blare bellow
clack cackle clang
clank croak clink
ear splitting fullblast grating
huff high frequency jarring
rumble rasp scrunch
shriek twank toot
vibrating wail zap

B. To indicate gentle sounds use the following words:

Words for Gentle Sounds
breathy chime
droning fizz
gurgle glug
jingle moan
squish sizzle
swoosh swish
trill tinkle
wheeze whoosh

C. To indicate animal sounds use the following words:

Words for Animal Sounds
bray bleat
chirping cluck
hoot howl
moo cock-a-doodle-doo
meow sizzle
meow neigh
purr quack
roar snort
trumpet chatter
woof yelp
rattle croak
chuckle wine
squawk caw

Common Mistakes

  1. Use descriptive sounds depending on the purpose. While writing a story or a sentence consider who will read it and use descriptive sound accordingly. Knowing the purpose of the passage and its readers will help to make the usage of descriptive sounds more effective.
  2. Do not forget to use Onomatopoeia. If you want to have sound specific descriptions in your passage or text, make use of onomatopoeic words and animal sounds like “bark” or “meow.”
  3. There is no doubt in the fact that sometimes less is more. Using too many descriptive sound adjectives can confuse the readers.

Exceptions

1. Sometimes some words can be used in general to describe more than one sound source.

    Examples:

      1. The ‘whispering wind’ narrated a story.

        In this expression, the word whispering has been used for wind, though usually it is used for soft human voice. In fact it can be used for any soft sound.

      2. She howled in pain.

        Here howled indicates crying loudly in pain.

      3. Last night I heard a wolf howling.

        The sound of a wolf is known as howling.

2. Sometimes one sound source can have more than one sound.

    Examples:

      1. The pattering of the rain is audible since morning.
      2. The rain kept drumming on the roof the whole day.

        Here the sound of the rain can change depending on what surface it falls on.

3. To describe sounds, verbs can also be used for an affective description. For example, saying, “She was loud” is precise and descriptive, while “She screamed” suggests a stronger sound        sense.

Have a quick look at the mind map below.

Concept : Numeral Adjective

Numeral adjectives indicate the place, position or number of nouns in a specific order. It is used to indicate the number of persons or objects. In this chapter students will learn the numeral adjective definition, its usage and common errors that might occur while using them.

In this learning concept, students will learn the following:

  • Types of adjective of number with examples and explanation.
  • Adjective of number examples in sentences.
  • Definite numeral adjective examples, sub-types(ordinal adjective cardinal adjective etc.) and definition.
  • Indefinite Numeral adjective with explanation and examples.
  • Distributive numeral adjective with definition and examples.

All the learning concepts of class 5 have used vivid examples, illustrations and mind maps to make them interesting and easy to understand. Students can also access the adjective of number worksheets to check their understanding of the topic. The solutions to these worksheets are also available in easily downloadable PDF format.

Definition

Adjective of number shows the number of nouns or pronouns and their position. It is also known as numeral adjectives.

Types of Adjectives of Number

There are three types of adjectives of numbers. They are as follows:

A. Definite Numeral Adjective

    • They show exact numbers. There are three types of definite numeral adjectives.
    • Adjective of number is used with the countable nouns.

Examples:

    1. You will get only one piece of cake.
    2. She has stood second in the race.
    3. All double rooms have been booked in this hotel.

B. Indefinite Numeral Adjective

     Adjectives speak about the number of adjectives. These words show indefinite numbers.

     Examples:

    1. My grandmother has sent a lot of mangoes.
    2. Today there were few vehicles on the road.
    3. He ate all the chocolates in that packet.

Let us take a look at a set of indefinite numeral adjectives given in the table below:

Indefinite Numeral Adjectives
all any
anything enough
few One
Some no
certain several
most of many
everything none

C. Distributive Numeral Adjective

    • A distributive numeral adjective shows every individual in the whole group has the quality. They slightly modify the meaning of a sentence.
    • They basically refer to singular nouns among many. These adjectives are usually followed by a single noun and a verb.

     Examples:

    1. Every student received their report cards.
    2. He carried the luggage using both hands.
    3. Each student will get a bar of chocolate for scoring more than 60%.

Let us take a look at a set of distributive numeral adjectives given below in the table.

No Distributive Numeral Adjectives
every neither
each either
both one of
any none

Common Mistake

1. Students tend to get confused between words used as indefinite numeral adjectives with the correct noun.

         Examples:

    1. I have bought some mangoes.
    2. There are enough players in their team.

2. Distributive numeral adjective is followed by the singular noun and singular verb. Do not               use plural nouns in the sentence.

         Examples:

         Every student stood up when the principal entered.

3. However, while using words like every one of, each of, neither of, either of, plural nouns               and verbs are used in the sentence.

         Examples:

         Either of the girls got a gift for the teacher.

 
 
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